Hindi Language Blog

Sanskrit Posted by on Dec 27, 2011 in Hindi Language

This is the one language which really need some introduction (परिचय). But why, is it anyhow related to Hindi ? and, the answer is, yes!

Sansksrit (संस्कृतम् , Hindi –  संस्कृत), like Greek & Latin to Europe and all the western world, is to the Indian Sub-Continent  (भारतीय उपमहाद्वीप) and South East Asia.  It is the mother (माँ) of Hindi language, the most widely spoken language along with English in India as well as most of the other widely spoken languages in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand etc. It is one of the scheduled language (भाषा) of India.

Most of ancient Indian texts like technical, medical, religious, astronomical, literature (साहित्य) were composed. In ancient times, it was called the language of nobles. It was oral language since Vedic period but later it was written by the regional script of use, like Brahmi script in the North and Kannada or Telugu script in South India. Later. But, ancient or medieval work in Sanskrit might be available in various other scripts like Tibetan, Java, Bali and so on. Later in 17th century, it was written in Devanagari script (लिपि) which is also used for Hindi and other Indian languages. It itself came from Vedic Sanskrit in which many Hinduism sacred (पवित्र, पूज्य) scriptures were written.

Sanskrit Phase in Various Scripts

Sanskrit Phase in Various Scripts

Sanskrit is one of the ancient (प्राचीन) language in the Indo – European language group (समूह) and belong to the same era when Greek and Latin were flourishing. It also shares characteristic (विशेषता) sound changes with the  the Slavic, Baltic languages and Greek.

The numbers from one to ten which show you how much the sounds matches with other European languages.

1. éka
2. dva
3. tri
4. catúr
5. páñcan
6. ṣáṣ
7. saptán
8. aṣṭá
9. návan
10. dáśan

Linguistically, it is a highly inflected language with three grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, neuter) and three numbers (singular, plural, dual). It has eight cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, instrumental, dative, ablative, genitive, and locative. Sanskrit pronouns are declined for case, number, and gender. The pronominal declension also applies to a some adjectives. Many pronouns have alternative enclitic forms.

Though it has attained a disputed status (अवस्था) of being dead language. It is very much alive in Indian vernacular (जनभाषा) as most of the people (लोग) can read it. Student has to take lessons of Sanskrit for at least 4 years in the schools. Also, as most of the Hindus and Buddhist religious (धार्मिक) texts,  hymns (भजन) and verse (छंद) are written in it, it is continued to be used as ceremonial (संस्कारिक) purposes. Government (सरकार) and international (अंतरराष्ट्रीय) bodies have been making a constant effort (प्रयास) to keep it alive.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. vivekananda:

    Can you start sanskrit lesson on line as you are doing with Hindi Blog?


    • Nitin Kumar:

      @vivekananda Dear Vivekananda, did you mean Sanskrit lesson in this blog or somewhere else?