Hindi Language Blog

Subject Suffix in Hindi Posted by on Jan 18, 2015 in Hindi Language

Suffix (प्रत्यय – Pratyaya) are very important elements of Hindi grammar. Many Hindi words can be created by the combination of a nouns or word derived from verbs and suffix.

For example, the word “घुमक्कड़” (Ghumakkad – one who stroll) is a combination of noun “घूम″ (Ghum – stroll/walk) and suffix “अक्कड़” (akkad). In this post, I would like to discuss Subject Suffixes (कृत्तवाचक कृत प्रत्यय – Karttavaachak Kartya Pratyaya) in Hindi. These are the most important type of primary suffix (कृत प्रत्यय – Kartya Pratyaya) in Hindi. These suffix when added to a root of the word, forms a noun or adjective to form the subject of the action. Let’s see some of the most important subject suffixes along with some examples.

1. अक्कड़ (akkad)

भूल (bhul) + अक्कड़ (akkad) = भुलक्कड़ (Bhulakkad – one who forgets)
घूम (ghum) + अक्कड़ (akkad) = घुमक्कड़ (Ghumakkad – one who stroll)

2. ऊ (u)

कमा (kamaa) + ऊ (u) = कमाऊ (Kamaau – one who earns)

3. इया (iyaa)

घट (ghat) + इया (iyaa) = घटिया (Ghatiya – Bad)
बढ़ (bad) + इया (iyaa) = बढ़िया (Badiya – Good)

4. वाला (vaala)

पड़ (pad) + वाला (vaala) = पड़नेवाला (Padnevaala – one who reads)
गाड़ी (gadi) + वाला (vaala) = गाड़ीवाला (Gadivaala – one who own a car)

5. आऊ (aau)

टिक (tik) + आऊ (aau) = टिकाऊ (Tikaau – Durable)
बिक (bik) + आऊ (aau) = बिकाऊ (Bikaau – marketable)

6. हार (haar)

होना (hona) + हार (haar) = होनहार (Honhaar – Promising)

7. दार (daar)

लेन (len) + दार (daar) = लेनदार (Lendar – Creditor)
दम (dam) + दार (daar) = दमदार (Damndar – Strong)

8. आलु (aalu)

दया (Daya – Mercy) + आलु (aalu) = दयालु (Dayaalu – Kind)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.