Hindi Language Blog

The Dative Case Posted by on Dec 30, 2009 in Hindi Language

When an object is transferred to someone or for someone, the receiver of the object will be in the dative case.

Here are some examples:

I gave him the ball : मैंने उसको गेंद दी 

You brought food for me : आप मेरे लिए खाना लाए

Ramesh sings for you : रमेश आपके लिए गाती है

We gave them a letter (we gave a letter to them) : हमने उसको पत्र दिया

They cooked food for us : उन्होंने हमारे लिए खाना बनाया

In the sentences above, को = to. के लिए = for.

To be more exact, the dative of a sentence like this “I give money to the woman” is “to the woman”. 

The dative also has a contracted form as well.

For example, “to me” is मुझको but a contracted form of this is मुझे

“to us” is हमको and the contracted form is हमें

“to you” familar तुमको, contracted form = तुम्हें

“to you” polite आपको no contracted form of आपको 

 “to him, her” उसको, contracted form = उसे

“to them” उनको, contracted form = उन्हें

Here’s an example of a sentence using a contracted form:

We gave money to him : हमने उसे पैसे दिए

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