Hindi Language Blog

Unseen Passage Posted by on Jan 9, 2012 in Hindi Language

Hopefully, many of you now can read and understand some Hindi and just waiting for some challenging material for your Hindi learning. So, here it comes!

Below, you will find a unseen passage in Hindi. For making your comprehension little easier, I have provided the vocabulary from the given text.

प्राचीन काल में ही भारतीय नारी पराश्रित रही हैं। वह बचपन में पिता के आश्रय में थी। विवाह हुआ तो पति की आश्रित रही तथा बुड़ापे में पुत्र की आश्रित बनी। उसकी स्थिति हर रूप से पराधीन रही हैं। उसकी इस दिन-हीन दशा का कारण घर की संपति पर उसका अधिकार ना होना था धन पुरुष कमाता था, अत: उस पर अधिकार भी पुरुष का ही था। आधुनिक काल में नारी की स्थिति में परिवर्तन हुआ। नारी घर से बाहर निकली। आज वह सभी क्षेत्रों में नौकरी कर रही है। अपने परिवार की आर्थिक स्थिति को मजबूत बना रही है। इससे नारी को कुछ स्वतत्रंता तो मिली है परन्तु उसकी स्थिति और भी दयनीय हो गयी। अब उसके घर और बाहर दोनों जगह काम करना पड़ता है। जो नारियाँ दोनों जिम्मेदारियों को ठीक से नहीं निभा पति, उनके घरों में रात-दिन कलह रहता है।

शब्दावली – Vocabulary :

प्राचीन – Ancient
नारी – Woman
पराश्रित (पर आश्रित) – Dependent on
बचपन – Childhood
विवाह – Marriage
आश्रित – Dependent
पराधीन – Based on
स्थिति – Situation, State, Position
दिन-हीन (Used as one word) – State, Situation
दशा – State, Situation
कारण – Reason, Ground
संपति – Property, Money
अधिकार – Right, Authority
आधुनिक – Modern, Contemporaneous
परिवर्तन – Change, Transformation, Modification
बाहर – Outside, Outdoor
क्षेत्रों – Areas, Places
नौकरी – Job, Employment
परिवार – Family
आर्थिक – Financial
मजबूत – Robust, Durable
स्वतत्रंता – Freedom, Independence, Liberty
परन्तु – But
दयनीय – Pitiable
काम – Job, Task
जिम्मेदारियों – Responsibilities
ठीक – Well, Accurate, Good, Exact, Valid
निभा (निभाना) – Play, Act on
रात-दिन (Used as one word) – Daily, Everyday
कलह – Strife, Quarrel

प्रश्न – Questions:

1. Can you tell the topic of the passage?
2. Can you decide a suitable title for this passage?
3. What is your personal opinion on the topic?

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. maria:

    Hey I really like this and it is very helpful! Do more like this!!

  2. Amiya:

    Hey , this passage is not at all good becoz you mentioned that when women go to work then she will do both house and office work but this is wrong becoz when women and men both work then it’s not only women but also men responsibility to take care of their house . At last I would like to say that education is compulsory becoz when men is educated only he is educated but when women is educated whole family is educated.

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @Amiya @Amiya: Please read the passage again, i am not saying that she will do work and both places but I am saying that actually she does and it makes her life terrible! But thanks for your opinion!