Hindi Language Blog

What’s the Opposite of … ? Posted by on May 4, 2017 in Hindi Language

Some of my most enjoyable lessons as a student were classroom vocabulary tests of all kinds. And since I had 3 languages in which to practice these drills, it was triple the fun but never quite enough.

I clearly remember “Match the Columns” exercises and “Fill in the blanks,” a cloze-like activity where we would fill in the correct words based on the sentence context. I thought it would be great fun to introduce some vocabulary for opposites, and then practice using these fun activities. Opposites are denoted by putting “x” in between.

inside x outside अंदर (andar) x बाहर (baahar)
hot x cold गरम (garam) x ठंडा (thanda)
short x tall छोटा (chhota) x लंबा (lamba)
in front x behind आगे (aage) x पीछे (peeche)
thick x thin मोटा (mota) x पतला (patla)
simple/easy x hard/difficult सरल (saral) x कठिण (kathiN)
below x above नीचे (neeche) x ऊपर (oopar)
respect x insult आदर (aadar) x अपमान (apmaan)
clever x foolish चतुर (chatur) x मूर्ख (moorkh)
deep x shallow गहरा (gehra) x   (uthala)
dry x wet सूखा (sookha) x घीला (gheela)
dirty x clean गंदा (ganda) x साफ़ (saaf)

Now complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks.

  1. मेरे घर (ghar) के __________ पेड़ (ped) है।
    There is a tree ____ my house.
  2. क्या पीओगे? ________ चाय या ________ लस्सी?
    What will you drink? ___ tea or ___ lassi?
  3. ________ जैकेट (jacket) पहनो। _______ जैकेट में ठंड लगेगी।
    Wear the ___ jacket. You will feel cold in the ____ jacket.
  4. अरे बापरे! कालीन (kaaleen) के ________ बहुत धूल (dhool) है
    Oh dear! There is a lot of dust ___ this carpet.
  5. परीक्षा ________ थी। मुझे पूरे (poore)अंक (unk) मिलेंगे!
    [The exam was ___ . I will get full points.]
With the help of the vocabulary provided above, find and match the words from List 1 with their antonyms or opposites in List 2.

List 1:      गहरा     घीला     चतुर     कठिण     पतला     साफ़

List 2:     सरल     मोटा     गंदा      सूखा[       मूर्ख       उथला

Do post your answers in the comments below!

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About the Author: Nitya

Namaste, friends. My name is Nitya. I was born and raised in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). I'm a native Hindi speaker. However, as life took me through school, college, work, and waves of friends from different parts of India, my repertoire of Hindi flavors and dialects grew and added dimension to my native fluency. Casual, formal, colloquial, and regional ... Hindi is a language with incredible variety and localization. Through this blog, I will help you learn Hindi through conversations, vocabulary, colloquialisms, and glimpses of Indian culture. आओ, मिलकर हिंदी सीखते हैं। (Aao, milkar Hindi seekhte hain!) Come, let's learn Hindi together.