Hindi Language Blog

Words Pair Posted by on Jan 30, 2011 in Hindi Language

Today, I would like to teach an interesting topic. There are words in Hindi that goes in pair. These pair can be from a same word, two different words, opposite words, meaningful & meaningless and two meaningless words. As every Hindi speaker uses these words pair in daily life, it is important to have an idea about them. Sometime these words pair would mean quite different than their literal meanings which make them also interesting to learn. So, I have given those pairs which mean different and could be confusing.

These pair could be noun, adverb or verb or both of any, therefore the grouping for each pair is given in bracket.
How you can use these pairs as noun, adverb or verb?…There is an example sentences that will clarify the usage.

So, Lets learn some word pairs from each type.

1 ) Pair from the same word

Word Pair Romanized English Meaning
चुपके-चुपके chupke-chupke Without telling anyone (adverb)
तू-तू, मैं-मैं tu-tu, mein-mein to making excuses (as noun and verb)
देखते-देखते dekhte-dekhte within moment (adverb)
बच्चा-बच्चा baccha-baccha almost everyone (noun)
गांव-गांव goan-goan almost everywhere (nou

2) Pair from two different words

Word Pair Romanized English Meaning
जहाँ-तहाँ jahan-tahan
everywhere (noun)
काम-काज kam-kaj
work, being busy (noun)
रूखा-सूखा rukha-sukha
anything (food) (noun)
रहन-सहन rahan-sahan
living (noun)
आदर-सत्कार aadar-satkar
to give respect (as verb and noun)

3) Pair from two opposite words

Word Pair Romanized English Meaning
सुख-दुख shukh-dukh happiness-sadness (noun)
रात-दिन raat-din all the time (noun)
ठंडा-गरम thanda-garam sudden change (in environment),

drinks (when asking ) (as noun and verb)

थोड़ा-बहुत thoda-bahut
atleast something (noun)
जीवन-मरण jeevan-maran
life (noun)

4) Pair from the meaningful and meaningless words

Word Pair Romanized English Meaning
ढीला-ढाला dhila-dhala slow (personal attribute) (noun)
बोल-बाला bol-bala effect, influence (noun)
छेड़-छाड़ ched-chad
tease ( as noun and verb)
ताल-मटोल tal-matol
to make excuse (as noun and verb)
मार-धाड़ mar-dhaad
violence (as noun and verb)

5) Pair from two meaningless words

Word Pair Romanized English Meaning
अनाप-शनाप aanap-shanap
nonsense (as noun and verb)
ख़ुसर-पुसर khusar-pusar whisper (as noun and verb)
चटा-बटा chata-bata
from the same circle, having same bad attribute (noun)
एरा-गेरा era-gera trivial, unimportant person (noun)
अंट-शंट ant-shant nonsense (as noun and verb)

Example Sentence :

Sometime a pair an be used as verb by adding “करना” (karna – to do) at the end of words pair. This apply to all marked as (as noun and verb). Please see an example below:

ख़ुसर-पुसर (Khusar-Pusar) (Whisper) (Noun)
क्या ख़ुसर-पुसर हो रही है? – kya khusar pusar ho rahi hai? – what whisper is going on?
ख़ुसर-पुसर करना (Khusar-Pusar karna) (to whisper) (verb)
ख़ुसर-पुसर करना सही बात नही है – khusur pusar karna sahi baat nahi hai. – to whisper is not a good thing to do.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Mrs. Jyan Nath:

    I teach Hindi and found this page to be very useful in clarifying the system of pairing words.
    My question is about the hyphen. is it necessary to use it in every place?
    I look forward to your reply.

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @Mrs. Jyan Nath Namaste Jyan ji,
      Yes, it is necessary to use hyphen in the word pairs.

  2. Kessen:

    The hyphen is necessary, else it becomes a समास. Like लेनदेन can be written in one word because it becomes Dvandva Samas. (लेन और देन)

  3. Raphael Thompson: