Korean Language Blog

Posted by on Feb 22, 2010 in Grammar

There are many subtles uses of , which we will explore in today’s lesson.

One of the uses of is to use it to mean “also” or “too”

한국어도 공부했어요 (한국어 = Korean language. = also. 공부했어요 = past tense of 공부하다 = to study)

In English, this would mean, “I also studied Korean”.

can also be used to mean, “even” like in this example :

그건 어린애도 알아요! (그건 = that. 어린애 = child. = even. 알아요 = know)

Which would mean, “Even a child knows that!”

Then there’s used in the sense of “indeed” like in this sentence :

그 여자는 복도 많아요.

( = that. 여자 = woman. 는 = topic marking particle. = luck. = indeed. 많아요 = a lot.)

Which means, “That woman has a lot of luck indeed”

Then there’s the that can be used to mean, “not only…but also”

앤디는 한국어도 영어도 알아요

(앤디 = Andy. = topic marking particle. 한국어 = Korean language. = not only. 영어 = English. = but also. 알아요 = know.)

In English this would mean, “Andy not only knows Korean, but also English.”

Lastly, can be used to mean, “neither…nor” :

저는 동원 씨도 상우 씨도 좋아하지 않아요.

( = I. = topic marking particle. 동원 = Dong Won. = honorific suffix. = neither. 상우 = Sang Woo. = honorific suffix. = nor. 좋아하지 않아요 = don’t like.)

In English, this would mean, “I like neither Dong Won nor Sang Woo.”

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