Archive for January, 2012

XVIII International Botanical Congress and the end of the use of Latin Posted by on Jan 31, 2012

The title of this post is not completely faithful to reality. Recently, during the XVIII International Botanical Congress, it was decided that from January 1st 2012 it would not be compulsory to use Latin for botanical description of species. Now you can use either Latin or English. The names of the plants, though, will remain…

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Roman calendar Posted by on Jan 29, 2012

Roman calendar

The calendar we use nowadays corresponds with very light variations, to the one that Julius Caesar used. However, in the history of the Roman calendar we can distinguish three stages: initial, Numa Pompilius’ reform, and the reform of Julius Caesar. In the initial phase, which was a lunar calendar, the year was made ​​up of…

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Education in Ancient Rome Posted by on Jan 25, 2012

Roman abacur or "calculator"

OLD PERIOD (until the second century BC): At this time in the history of Ancient Rome, the education of children was limited to the preparation that their father could give. It was an education of farmers, based fundamentally on respect for the customs of the ancestors (mos maiorum). From early childhood they were taught that…

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The Latin Passive Voice Posted by on Jan 22, 2012

In Latin, as in other languages, the verb has two voices: active and passive. For crating the passive voice, Latin language  uses two different systems: one for the present tense, and another for the perfect tense.   PASSIVE VOICE IN PRESENT TENSE: To form the passive voice of present tense, both for the indicative and…

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Latin Epigraphy III: abbreviations Posted by on Jan 14, 2012

PRAENOMINA: some of the most common names A. Aulus L. Lucius SEX. Sextus AP. Appius M. Marcus S. (SP.) Spurius C. Caius (Gaius) P. Publius T. Titus CN. Cnaeus (Gnaeus) Q. Quintus TI. Tiberius D. Decimus SER. Servius   FILIATION: it is usually written between nomen and cognomen F. Filius, -a LIB. Libertus, -a CON…

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Latin Epigraphy II Posted by on Jan 11, 2012

TYPES OF INSCRIPTIONS Honorary: in statues or monuments devoted to an important figure. Name of the figure (in dative, also in nominative or otherwise), name of the dedicator (nominative), dedication reasons and possible additional sentences. Funerary: in the tombs or other monuments erected in memory of a deceased. The formulas varied over time and places, but the…

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Latin Epigraphy I Posted by on Jan 8, 2012

Epigraphy is the science of the inscriptions. Latin epigraphy works on reading and desciphering the Latin inscriptions. It also helps to interpret the writings and to infer data  that can be applied in many fields. Epigraphic texts are authentic and original compared to other writings that are copies (of copies). There are inscriptions of various types…

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