Adverbs. I know I wrote a post in the past that described adverbs relating to frequencies of events. I would like to go over more norske adverb. As a reminder, an adverb can modify essentially any part of speech except a noun. Adverbs typically modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, a phrase, or a clause. They are definitely a unique form of speech. Adverbs answer questions like when? where? how? in what way? to what extent? There are mye (many) adverbs and I will only mention a fraction of them today. I will include sample sentences so that you can see how agile adverbs are in sentences; they can be located in various spots in a sentence. As a sidenote, it is easy to tell many adverbs in English because they often end in “ly.” På norsk the equivalent is “lig,” pronounced “lee” (silent “g”).
trolig-truly, probably. Hun er trolig lei av jobben sin (He is truly/probably sick of his job).
snart-soon. Snart kan vi dra for å gå på kino (Soon we can leave to go to the movies).
omtrent-approximately. Jeg kan lese omtrent 400 sider om dagen (I can read approximately 400 pages during the day).
igjen-again. Om noen få måneder blir det vår igjen (In a few months it will be spring again).
forhåpentligvis-hopefully. Forhåpentligvis får jeg en høyere lønn neste år (Hopefully I will get a higher salary next year).
heldigvis-luckily. Jeg ble heldigvis ikke syk i fjor (I luckily didn’t get sick last year).
helst-preferably. Mamma vil helst at jeg hjelper henne i kjøkkenet (Mom would prefer most that I help her in the kitchen).
kun-bare. Matbutikken har kun en slags frokostblanding (The grocery store has only one kind of cereal).
lovlig-legal. Det er enda lovlig å snakke på telefon mens man kjører bil i Minnesota hvis man er 18 år gammel eller eldre (It is still legal to talk on the phone while one drives a car in Minnesota if one is 18 years old or older).
That’s probably a good list for now. Notice the various locations that adverbs can be found in a sentence. Quite the form of speech, ikke sant? An adverb can be in the begining of the sentence, which will then prompt inversion of the verb, right after the verb, or at the end of the sentence. Adverbs are not always an essential part of a sentence, but they certainly provide more detail and clarification. Adverbs are pretty great.
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