Norwegian strong past tense verbs Posted by kari on Dec 31, 2010 in Grammar, Language
Yes, another verb post. Boring as it may be, verbs are very important! Strong verbs are a bit trickier than weak verbs because they do not follow a pattern-strict memorization is key;) They are especially tricky because some of them involve a vowel change.
|to see||å se||så|
|to receive||å få||fikk|
|to sleep||å sove||sov|
|to drink||å drikke||drakk|
|to become||å bli||ble|
|to partipate in or to do||å drive||drev|
|to go||å dra||dro|
|to understand||å forstå||forsto|
|to give||å gi||gav|
|to do||å gjøre||gjorde|
|to come||å komme||kom|
|to say||å si||sa|
|to write||å skrive||skrev|
|to stand||å stå||sto|
|to sing||å synge||sang|
|to take||å ta||tok|
|to meet||å treffe||traff|
|to be||å være||var|
Note that most of these involve a vowel change. If you can manage to memorize the 4 classes of weak verbs first, you will be much better off because then when you see a strong verb, you will pretty much know it because you will know that it doesn´t fit into the pattern of weak verbs:)
Try to use them in a sentence:
Jeg gav broren min en plakat til jul. I gave my brother a poster for Christmas.
Familien min dro til Florida tidlig i desember for å besøke tanta mi. My family went to Florida in early December to visit my aunt.
Han så en orm da vi var på parken. He saw a snake when we were at the park.
Jeg traff mora mi på kafe for å spise lunsj. I met my mom at a cafe to eat lunch.
Mange drakk vin på festen. Many drank wine at the party.
Vennina mi kom til Minnesota for å være med på nyttårsfesten. My friend came to Minnesota to come to the New Year´s party.
Jeg forsto at han ville sove. I understood that he wanted to sleep.
Hun sang i dusjen. She sang in the shower.
Jeg skrev julekort i år. I wrote Christmas cards this year.
De ble sur da han sølte golvet. They became (got) upset when he soiled (spilled on) the floor.
Vi gjorde alt vi kunne sånn at alle hadde det bra i går. We did all we could so that everyone had a good time yesterday.
Han sto rett i veien. He stood right in the way.
I often wonder how these strong past tense verbs were formed in the first place. It´s interesting for me to think about these kinds of things. Why change the vowel? Unfortunately, I have no clue. Do you?