Norwegian verb ‘to do’ Posted by kari on Apr 22, 2010 in Language
Once in a while, I need to throw a post in hear that really focuses on a specific part of the language. It’s fun to focus on verbs because they allow you to say so much, especially the verb å gjøre (to do)! Vår er her (spring is here) and all I can think about is all the things som jeg vil gjøre (that I want to do)!
Let’s begin with the different forms of the verb:
infinitive– å gjøre (to do)
past perfect–har gjort (has/have done)
jeg gjør vi gjør
du gjør dere gjør
hun/han gjør de gjør
Now this is an important distinction between the use of the verb å gjøre på norsk and ‘to do’ in English–think about how we use the verb in English. Many of the questions we pose include the word ‘do’ or ‘does,’ for example, ”Do you like chicken?” or ”Does Paul want to go swimming?” På norsk, leave out the verb ‘do.’ Instead, you would ask ”Liker du kylling?” (literally- like you chicken?) or ”Vil Pål svømme?” (literally-want Paul swim?) This can be slightly confusing because on the flip side, if someone askes you ”Liker du fisk?” (Do you like fish?) if you want to say ”Yes, I do” or ”no I don’t” you would say ”ja, det gjør jeg” or ”nei, det gjør jeg ikke.” Just remember how you ask questions and how you answer the questions use the verb å gjøre diffferntly.
Let’s take a look at some questions you might ask using the different forms of the verb å gjøre and then how you might answer them.
–Hva gjorde du om vinteren? (What did you do during the winter?)
Jeg så på mange filmer. (I watched many movies).
Jeg gjorde ikke så mye. (I didn’t do too much).
—Hva har du gjort denne uken? (What have you done this week?)
Jeg har syklet mye. (I have biked a lot).
Jeg har ikke vasket klær. (I have not washed clothes).
—Hva gjør du hver dag? (What do you do every day?)
Hver dag spiser jeg frokost. (Every day I eat breakfast)
Jeg ser ikke på tv hver dag. (I don’t watch tv every day).
—Hva vil du gjøre til sommeren? (What do you want to do this summer?)
Jeg vil reise til Norge. (I want to travel to Norway).
Jeg vil ikke arbeide/jobbe til sommeren. (I do not want to work this summer).
Think about what you like to do, have done, will do, etc!
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