Russian Language Blog

Tag Archives: particles

ЖЕ: particle or conjunction? Posted by on Dec 14, 2020


ЖЕ [pronounced “zhe”, see here for audio] can be either a particle or conjunction. Either way, it is written separately from the words it modifies and can add a lot of “flavor” to your Russian. ЖЕ as a particle The main function of this particle is to either intensify the word before, or show the…

Continue Reading

Asking Questions in Russian with Ли Posted by on Jan 9, 2020


Did you know Russian had a particle for asking questions? Furthermore, that same word can be used as a conjunction in dependent clauses and reported speech! Let’s talk about the main uses of ли. Yes or No Questions Ли can be used in yes or no questions. As you may remember, Russian does not use…

Continue Reading

3 Kinds of Negation in Russian Posted by on Mar 7, 2018

woman backing away from something

Are you tempted to use the infamous “nyet” in front of any word to make your sentences negative? Do you get confused between не, ни, and нет? Then read on to learn some common uses of these words. 1. Нет Negation of the Entire Sentence This is probably the most famous and the easiest of…

Continue Reading

Add Emotion to Your Russian: Emphatic Particles (Part II) Posted by on Mar 2, 2017

rows of umbrellas at the beach

Last time, we looked at three particles used for emphasis in Russian. These particles convey the speaker’s attitude and make your speech and writing much more lively. Let us look at a couple of other particles. Ведь Ведь is used to reinforce a viewpoint or to show that, although it contradicts previously presented information, it…

Continue Reading

Add Emotion to Your Russian: Emphatic Particles (Part I) Posted by on Feb 22, 2017

parents with daughter in a field

Whenever I read English translations of Russian literature, they strike me as rather matter-of-fact. This may be because Russian often not only describes reality but also expresses the author’s attitude towards it. One way of doing that is through particles (частицы). Take a look at this excerpt from the story “Записки на чинаровых листьях” (“Notes…

Continue Reading