Education System in Spain Posted by on Jul 14, 2009 in Spanish Culture

Each country has its own education system. Here’s how Spain’s educational system works, en español.

Educación infantil: que comprende hasta los seis años de edad, es la primera etapa del sistema educativo, de carácter no obligatorio. Está dividida en dos ciclos, el primero hasta los 3 años de edad y de los 3 a los 6 el segundo. A pesar de su no obligatoriedad, es una etapa inequívocamente educativa, y no sólo de guarda y custodia de los niños.

Educación primaria: de los 6 a los 12 años de edad, es la primera etapa obligatoria del sistema. Se organiza en tres ciclos de dos cursos académicos cada uno.

Educación secundaria: comprende las siguientes etapas: educación secundaria obligatoria, bachillerato y formación profesional específica de grado medio.

Educación secundaria obligatoria: completa la enseñanza básica y abarca cuatro cursos académicos, entre los 12 y los 16 años de edad.
Bachillerato: tiene una educación de dos años (16-18 años de edad). Los alumnos que obtienen una evaluación positiva pueden acceder a la formación profesional específica de grado superior a la universidad.

In this website you can find very useful information about Spain’s education system in English.

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About the Author: Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.


  1. casperesqui:

    July 23rd, 2009 by casperesqui in Uncategorized · No Comments
    I would like to talk about a shameful system in Spain for the selection of teachers. It is called Oposiciones and it is used to decide who is a good teacher and give him a job forever.

    Firstly I would like to point out that the tribunal is formed by teachers that can have less experience that the people they are testing. A person with four years of experience can test another with twenty! I have found really good teachers tested by his olds students!

    Secondly, the tribunal mostly doesn’t know the topics better than the opositores that they are testing. They have those topics over the table and they have to check it all the time. Those topics mostly have being made by private academies where the people go to prepare the oposiciones and to study it. I suppose some remember a little but nothing else.

    Third. It is compulsory write down a bibliography even when the topics has been made by a private organization and there is nothing made by the students (remembering that the students can be teachers with a lot of experience, with family, kids and obligations). You have to learn the name of the books by heart when practically nobody has read those books in the oposiciones.

    In primary, you have to learn 25 topics by heart (memorize) and then memorize a program and talk about it for 30 minutes. You have to memorize then a didactic unit with activities and say that in front of the tribunal like a parrot during 45 minutes. Those activities are prepared in advance so the private academy or anybody else can do it and the student only needs to memorize it.

    All this process happens every two years and there are teachers that have been doing that for more than twenty years. The system changes sometimes and the topics too.

    Remembering that tribunal and people that is studying oposiciones studied at the university the exactly same degree and probably a lot of the teachers that want to pass the oposiciones are much better prepared than the tribunal and with much more degrees and experience but they have family, kids, much more things to think about than a 23 years student and of course they can not study 5,6,7 hours per day. With that system the best teachers have the door closed.

    I have friends in different countries. They don’t want to go back to Spain because they are 40 or more years old and they have no time to study such a hard and stupid exam that doesn’t show they real skillfulness. In Spain people doesn’t speak English and the level of English of the teachers in the Primaries schools can be terrible.(the English level of English teachers…J)

    In fact people living in London for example and with a terrific level of English can be tested by teachers that practically never went abroad or only in summers ….and they don´t understand what they are talking about. J. J. J. I don’t know if I should smile or cry…

    Teachers that have to study oposiciones can stay without any permanent job for the rest of their lifes. They are hired for two years and then they are fired to be hired again (or not) depending on the oposiciones. In that way they never adquire any right

    This is the shameful system in Spain. One of the worst educative systems on the developed world and one of the systems with more failures in Europe

    If you have any doubt or have any question write me to

  2. david carmona:

    Casperesqui, ¿te has presentado a las recientes oposiciones del mes pasado? ¿Qué tal te fue? Debo decir que estoy de acuerdo contigo, y precisamente por ese motivo decidí irme de España, porque no quería ser parte de ese circo. Me ha ido mucho mejor en el extranjero.

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