More meanings of common words Posted by on May 14, 2009 in Spanish Vocabulary

Aqui están algunas palabras muy comunes en español con sus significados adicionales.

Abandonar – to abandon.
Abandonado = scruffy, sloppy (said of a person)

Abusar – to abuse
Abusar de la comida = to eat too much

Acusar – to accuse
Él acusaba cansancio. = He showed signs of tiredness.
Tiene un acusado sentido del humor. = He has a pronounced sense of humor.

Alterar – to alter, to change
Este niño me altera los nervios. = This kid gets on my nerves.

Amasar – to amass
El panadero amasó la masa. = The baker kneaded the dough.

Apostar – to bet
Aposto al mayordomo en la puerta. = I am positioning the butler at the door.

Colonia – colony (of settlers)
Se echó colonia. = She put on some cologne.

Competencia – competency
Hubo competencia por el primer puesto. = There was competition for the first place.

Compromiso – commitment
Llegar a un compromiso = to reach an agreement
No puedo ir esta noche, tengo otro compromiso. = I can’t go tonight. I have another engagement.
Se puso en un compromiso. = He put himself in an awkward position.

Concentración – concentration
La selección francesa ha iniciado su concentración. = The French national squad has set up its training camp.

Copia – copy (of paper, etc.)
Copy (of a book) = ejemplar

Dependencia – dependence
Una dependencia de la granja = a farm outbuilding

Descubrir = to discover
Descubrirse = to take one’s hat off. (Se descubrió al entrar en la iglesia.)

Diligencia = diligence
Hizo el trabajo con mucha diligencia. (He did the work very diligently)
El juez instruyó las diligencias para … = The judge started the proceedings for …
Los bandidos atacaron la diligencia. = The bandits attacked the stagecoach.

Discutir – to discuss
Se les oyó discutiendo en el patio. = You could hear them arguing in the yard.

Facilitar – to facilitate
Esta empresa facilita ropa al ejército. = This company provides clothing for the army.

Fallo – failure, weakness
El juez emitió su fallo. = The judge passed sentence.

Ignorar – to ignore
Ignoraban su paradero. = They did not know his whereabouts.

Ilustración – illustration
La Ilustración = the Enlightenment

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About the Author: Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.