Spanish Language Blog

Spanish Pronouns and the Verbs “To Be” Posted by on Nov 8, 2017 in Spanish Grammar, Spanish Vocabulary

If you’re a beginner learner of Spanish, you’ll want to master the Spanish pronouns and the verbs “to be” right away. That’s right – there are two different verbs meaning “to be” in Spanish. One is for a permanent state, while the other is temporary. Learn more in this short video lesson.

Spanish Pronouns and the Verbs "To Be"

Ellos son músicos.
(They are musicians).


Follow along with the video to practice your pronunciation. The vocabulary is listed below, which you can copy/paste for further study:


Spanish Pronouns

you (familiar)
ustedyou (formal)
ustedesyou (plural)
ellosthey (masculine)
ellasthey (feminine)

*Note = In Spain, the word vosotros is used for you (plural) in a familiar way. I have been studying Spanish in Mexico and Colombia and have not been taught to use this word, as it’s not common in Latin America.

The Verb “Ser” (Permanent)

yo soyI am
tú eresyou are (familiar)
usted esyou are (formal)
él eshe is
ella esshe is
nosotros somoswe are
ustedes sonyou are (plural)
ellos sonthey are (masculine)
ellas sonthey are (feminine)

The Verb “Estar” (Temporary)

yo estoyI am
tú estásyou are (familiar)
usted estáyou are (formal)
él estáhe is
ella estáshe is
nosotros estamoswe are
ustedes estányou are (plural)
ellos estánthey are (masculine)
ellas estánthey are (feminine)


For now, just practice the pronouns combined with the two different verbs “to be.” In the next video lesson, we’ll look at some examples for each of them so you can start forming sentences on your own.


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About the Author: sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.


  1. Lisa:

    for estar you are familiar – shouldn’t this be tu estas ?
    (forgive lack of accents in typing this keyboard)

    • sasha:

      @Lisa Yes thank you for catching that. It was correct in the video but I mixed it up in the written table. Went ahead and fixed it. Thanks again!

  2. Enrica:

    Thank you for the lesson! I have a question: you said that “vosotros” is the familiar way to say “you (plural)” in Spain, and I was wondering if “ustedes” is just formal as the singular “usted” or if it can be also used in a familiar situation as “vosotros” in Spain.

    • sasha:

      @Enrica I really can’t speak for how to use it in Spain, as I’ve never been there. I’ve spent this year in Mexico, Colombia, and Ecuador, and have never once heard someone use the word “vosotros.” I had just received comments on previous posts asking about it, so I decided to include it as reference for those learning Spanish to visit Spain.