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The Food Pyramid, en español Posted by on Nov 11, 2010 in Spanish Vocabulary

Yeah, we are in the age of eating healthy food, lots of people are obese and, as I’m very concerned about you, this post will be about the food pyramid.

So let’s start with the first group of foods, el grupo de pan, arroz y pastas, which you can eat 6 to 11 portions a day: pan (bread), fideos (noodles), arroz (rice), patatas (potatoes), harina (flour), galletas (cookies), cereales (cereals), pasta (pasta), etc.

The second group is the fruit group, 2 to 4 portions a day: piña (pineapple), plátano (banana), naranja (orange), manzana (apple), melocotón (peach), uva (grape), melón (melon), sandía (watermelon), ciruela (plum), higo (fig), papaya (papaya), etc.

The third group is the vegetables group, which you can eat 3 to 5 portions a day: repollo (cabbage), lechuga (lettuce), guisantes (peas), espinacas (spinach), berro (watercress), tomate (tomato), remolacha (beetroot), zanahoria (carrot), cebolla (onion), ajo (garlic), rábano (radish), judías verdes (green beans), perejil (parsley)

The fourth group is the one with carnes (meat), huevos (eggs), nueces (nuts), frijoles (beans), leche (milk), yogur (yogurt) and queso (cheese), 2 to 3 portions every day: queso (cheese), yogur (yogurt), leche (milk), carne de cerdo (pork), pescado (fish), carne de res (beef), pollo (chicken), jamón (ham), salchicha (sausage), longaniza (spicy pork sausage), huevos (eggs), etc.

The last group is the one you need to eat the least which includes fats, oils and sweets: azúcar (sugar), mantequilla (butter), aceite (oil), mermelada (jam, jelly), caramelos (sweets), etc.

So, are your eating habits good? Eating healthy? Espero que sí, nos vemos prontito.

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About the Author:Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.


  1. andreas:

    Hello Adir!
    Thanks for the blog. As a fitness fan I disagree with the pyramid. Too many carbs, little protein an healthy non-saturated fat. But I have question for you as a native speaker of Portuguese. About the verbs with regular and irregular participles. Which are used for tempos compostos, and which for voz passiva and compound nominal predicate(sorry cannot find the question mark on the Portuguese keyboard)

  2. Adir Ferreira:

    Hey Andreas,

    The regular participles are used with verbs ter and haver (tempos compostos), irregular participles are used with ser/estar (in the passive voice).

    About the food pyramid, what would you suggest as a change?

    Thanks for visiting the blog!

  3. andreas:

    Hello, Adir
    Muito obrigado pela resposta! There was a misprint in my textbook.
    And as far as the food pyramid is concerned, one can eat up till six servings of raw vegetables(full of vitamins and fiber) with a good source of protein like dairy products(except fat ones), eggs, fish or lean meat accompanied by non-saturated fats like olive oil: Mediterranean diet Less complex carbs, like 4 servings and fruit. All the other products should be either avoided, or the less the better.
    Sugar free coffee (definitely not the instant poison) is also good.

  4. Adir Ferreira:

    Great tips, Andreas!

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