Swedish Language Blog

Swedish Possessive Pronouns – Min, Mitt, Mina Posted by on Apr 12, 2016 in Grammar

[url=https://flic.kr/p/3qgd5]The Stuga[/url] by [url=https://www.flickr.com/photos/hagwall/]Mats Hagwall[/url]. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Flickr

Stugan är inte min. The Stuga by Mats Hagwall. Licensed under CC BY 2.0 via Flickr

In my last post, The Swedish Definite Form – Demonstrative Pronouns, I messed up. I wrote the following sentence: Detta röda hus är min. This red house is mine.

See what I did wrong? Min. It should have been mitt. Detta röda hus är mitt. Why? Because hus is an ett-word. Ett hus.

When you’re working with possessive pronouns in English, it’s pretty easy. My dog, my house, my cars. Your dog, your house, your cars. Her dog, her house, her cars. You get the idea. The possessive pronoun doesn’t change much. It doesn’t care about en– or ett-words or even if a word is singular or plural.

It’s a little different in Swedish. Just like so many aspects of Swedish grammar, you have to make sure that the nouns you’re working with match with the rest of your sentence, whether that is an adjective, a demonstrative pronoun, or a possessive pronoun like min, mitt, mina.

Let’s take a look at a few examples:
Har du sett mitt barn? Have you seen my child?
Hon älskar min hund. She loves my dog.
Jag vill skriva en bok om mina barn och mina hundar. I want to write a book about my children and my dogs.

In the plural, you’re going to use mina whether the noun you’re describing is an en-word or an ett-word so even though barn is an ett-word and hund is an en-word, when you’re talking about them in their plural forms, they will both be described using mina. Mina barn. Mina hundar.

There are a whole bunch of possessive pronouns in Swedish and the rules are going to be the same. Have an en-word that you want to possess? Or maybe an ett-word? Maybe it’s even a plural! Take a look at the chart below for the different forms of Swedish possessive pronouns:

Engelska Svenska (en) Svenska (ett) Svenska (plural)
my min mitt mina
your (singular) din ditt dina
his hans hans hans
her hennes hennes hennes
gender-neutral hens hens hens
its dess dess dess
our vår vårt våra
your (plural) er ert era
their deras deras deras

P.S. Seriously, if you see something and it seems wrong, leave a comment! If it’s a typo and we just messed up, we’ll fix it. If it’s not wrong, we’ll be happy to explain.

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About the Author: Marcus Cederström

Marcus Cederström has been writing for the Transparent Swedish Blog since 2009. He has a Bachelor's Degree in Scandinavian Studies from the University of Oregon, a Master's Degree in Scandinavian Studies from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, and a PhD in Scandinavian Studies and Folklore from the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He has taught Swedish for several years and still spells things wrong. So, if you see something, say something.


  1. evan:

    these posts help me so much with my swedish! Tack!

  2. Daniel:

    Everytime I open this blog, it is presenting topics essential for swedish learners. Appreciate your work. Keep up.

    I’d be glad if you present topics on

    1) swedish sentence types, arrangement of words in sentences

    2) pronunciation.

  3. Marcus Cederström:

    Glad to hear they are helpful, we’ll see what we can do about getting some posts written with your suggestions, thanks!

  4. N Ahmad:

    Best website to learn basics..
    jätte bra och tackar!

    • Marcus Cederström:

      @N Ahmad Good to hear and tack själv!

  5. Dan:

    Very useful!
    Tack så mycket!

  6. Cynthia:

    Impressive this is my first time here and this has helped me so much thank you! Keep up the great work

  7. Marcus Cederström:

    Glad this has been helpful!

  8. Abhimanyu:

    The tabular arrangement at rhe end helped a lot!

  9. Roger:

    Merci, très pratique!