Mid Class Consonants (MCC) Posted by palmisano on Nov 20, 2012 in Beginner
As mentioned in the previous two posts, when considering the spelling of a word in Thai, the consonant class influences the tone of the word. There are three consonant classes: low, mid, and high.
We will continue with the Mid class consonants (MCC) because I believe it is the next easiest of the three.
The mid class consonants are:
ก, จ, ฎ, ฏ, ด, ต, บ, ป, อ
You will need to memorize this list. The MCC are the only consonants that can achieve all five Thai tones. In the following rules I won’t go over every letter, but the rules apply to any of the MCC.
1. If a MCC has a live (or no) ending consonant, and no tone mark, the tone is mid.
2. If a MCC has a อ้ tone mark, with or without a dead consonant, the tone is falling.
3. If a MCC has a อ่ tone mark, and/or has a dead ending consonant, the tone is low. This is the same for a HCC.
Notice the last four examples. The อ is silent, and only exists to modify the tone of the word. Without the อ, each of those four words would have had a falling tone.