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The Three Cases for dai3 Posted by on Jul 24, 2012 in Beginner

There are three different cases for when ได้ dai3 can be used. You can identify which case to use by determining if there is a noun or a verb before or after ได้.

 

Case 1: To mean ‘can’.

Use this when ได้ comes right after the verb.

 

I can do it.

ผมทำได้

Pom5 tum1 dai3

 

I cannot do it.

ผมทำไม่ได้

Pom5 tum1 mai3 dai3

 

Can’t eat.

กินไม่ได้

Gin1 mai3 dai3

 

Can get it

รับได้

Rap4 dai3

 

Case 2: To make a verb past-tense.

Use this when ได้ comes right before the verb.

 

Received

ได้รับ

Dai3 rap4

 

I ate it.

ผมได้กินมัน

Pom5 dai3 gin1 man1

 

I saw it already.

ผมได้เห็นแล้ว

Pom5 dai3 hen5 laew4

 

Case 3: To mean ‘receive’ or ‘have gotten’.

Use this when ได้ comes right before a noun.

 

John got food.

จอห์นได้อาหาร

Jawn1 dai3 aa1haan5

 

He got candy.

เขาได้ขนม

Kao5 dai3 k2nom5

 

She got a chance to go travel.

เขาได้โอกาศไปเที่ยว

Kao5 dai3 oo1gaat2 bpai1 tiew3

 

 

Self test

Below are three examples using the word ได้. Translate each into English. The answers are written below.

 

ผมเปิดประตูได้

ผมได้ประตู

ผมได้เปิดประตู

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I can open the door.

I got a door.

I opened the door.

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