Definite Nouns : Pronouns (1) الضمائر

Posted on 25. Mar, 2011 by in Arabic Language, Grammar, Language, Vocabulary

A pronoun is a noun or word that refers to any of the three persons;

    1- The first person pronouns ضمائر المتكلم  referring to the person speaking.

    2- The second person pronouns ضمائر المخاطب referring to the person addressed. 

    3- The third person pronouns ضمائر الغائب   referring to the absent person or thing. 

 Types of Pronouns

There are two types of pronouns. 

(1)   The Visible Pronoun الضمير البارز  

- It is a pronoun that is stated in the sentence. It has a physical existence. You have to write

   it either as a separate word or as a suffix attached to another word.

(2)   The Invisible pronoun الضمير المستتر  

- It is not stated in the sentence. It has no physical existence but it is understood from

  context. Its meaning is implied in the sentence; it is just hidden. 

Types of the Visible Pronouns

The Visible (written or spoken) pronoun has two forms. It can be :

(1)   The Separate Pronoun الضمير المنفصل  

 This type has two sub-categories according to the job it does in the sentence. So we have:

A)    Subject Pronoun ( ضمير رفع (فاعل  which in turn can be :

  •    First Person ضمير المتكلم : ( I = أنا   /  We =نحن )
  •   Second Person ضمير المخاطب : (You = أنتَ / أنتِ / أنتما / أنتم / أنتنّ )
  •   Third Person ضمير الغائب : (He = هو / She = هى / Dual = هما / They (M.) = هم / They (F.) = هن )

(Note: These pronouns act as the Subject of a sentence and are written as separate words.

 B)    Object Pronoun   (  ضمير نصب ( مفعول  which in turn can be :

  • First Person  ضمير المتكلم  : (me = إياي / us = إيانا )
  • Second Person ضمير المخاطب : (You = إياك / إياكِ / إياكما / إياكم / إياكنّ )
  • Third Person ضمير الغائب : (him = إياهً / her = إياها / Dual = إياهما / them = إياهم / إياهنّ )

(Note: These pronouns act as the Object of a sentence and are written as separate words.)

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Next Time, We will discuss the other type of the Visible pronouns :

The Attached Suffix Pronouns.  

Check us back soon

Peace سلام   /Salam/ 

Pronoun Image from http://www.elc.edu.sa/auto/AL101new/website/index28e0.html?module=arabic_language_101&page=8-2-1

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About Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL. I got my BA in Education from Alexandria University Majoring in the English Language in 1999. I did some advanced studies and got a Professional Diploma in Education Technology in 2002. Then, in 2003 I got a Special Diploma in Education with a major in Curricula and Methodologies. I travelled for an Advanced Training Course at Strathclyde University, Glasgow, U.K. in 2006. In 2007 - 2008 I was a Fulbright Fellow - Teaching Arabic as a Foreign Language (FLTA Program) at Marlboro College, Vermont, USA. I have the ICDL Certificate.

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