A note about the imperative Posted by aziza on Mar 20, 2011 in Grammar
In this post, I give a useful note about the imperative (الأمر). I taught the imperative to my students recently, and as I explained before that the imperative of regular form I verbs (that do not have vowels) is formed by following the pattern (افعل). It is sometimes vowels with a short /o/ on the first letter, e.g. (اُكتب)’write’ and (اُخرج) ‘get out’; and sometimes marked with a short /i/, e.g. (اِفتح) ‘open’ and (اِحمل) ‘carry’.
Native speakers of Arabic depend on their intuition to know the voweling of the verb, but what clues are there in the verb that can help the non-native speaker to choose the appropriate vowel?
There is a simple rule that refers to the present tense verb (the imperfect). If the medial letter of the imperfect is vowelled by a short /o/ (ضمة), then the verb begins short /o/ as well, e.g. (يكتُب / اُكتب) and (يخرُج /اُخرج). If the medial letter of the imperfect is vowelled by a short /a/ or a short /i/, then the verb begins short /i/ (كسرة) as well, e.g. (يفتَح / اِفتح) and (يحمِل /اِحمل).
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