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Arabic grammar terminology Posted by on Aug 25, 2010 in Grammar

The post presents more grammatical terms in Arabic and their English equivalents as a continuation to my previous post.

المَصْدَر

Infinitive/ Verbal Noun

اِسْمُ الفاعِل

Active Participle

اسمُ المفعول

Passive Participle

الفِعْلُ المَاضِي

The Perfect Tense.

الفِعْلُ المُضَارِع

The Imperfect Tense

الفِعلُ المبنِي للمجهول

Passive verb

فِعْل أَمر

Imperative
(Nominative)

الفاعِل

Subject
(Accusative)

المفعُول بِهِ

Object.
After passive verbs (nominative)

نَائِبُ الفاعِل

Substitute of the Doer of the Verb
(Nominative)

المُبْتَدَأُ

The subject of a Nominal Sentence
(Nominative)

الخبر

The Predicate

اَلصِّفَة

The Adjective
)Accusative(

الحَال

Adverbials

أَفْعَلَ التَّفْضِيْل

Comparative & Superlative adjectives
(أبو, أخو , حمو, فو, ذُو)

الأسْمَاءُ الخمسة

The Five Nouns

حُرُوف الجَرّ

Prepositions
After numbers

التَّمْييز

specification

Source: adapted from http://www.dalilusa.com/Arabic_Course/glossary_arabic_grammar.asp

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Comments:

  1. najma:

    Very useful, thanks. Waiting for more.
    i need to know distinction of alif as consonant and vowel, and is alif and hamzah same letter or separate? Clarity needed. thanks n slms

    • aziza:

      @najma Thank you very much Najma,
      I will explain this soon.
      Aziza