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Computer terms in Arabic Posted by on Oct 28, 2009 in Arabic Language

Computer terminology has become part of everyday language of people, especially young people in the Arab world. Computer technology develops very fast and reaches Arab markets and consumers before Arabic words have been made to accompany them. Therefore, computer technology reaches Arab societies in English. Of course there are Arabic words for a great deal of computer terms, e.g. consider the table below:

Computer

حاسوب

Screen

شاشة

Hard disk

القرص الصلب

Floppy disk

القرص المرن

CD

القرص المدمج

Keyboard

لوحة المفاتيح

Operating system

نظام التشغيل

home page

الصفحة الرئيسية

browser

متصفح

e-mail

بريد الكتروني

It should be noted, however, that most of these terms are not in use in everyday life. They are mainly used in writing, e.g. in advertisements or textbooks. People use the English terms in speaking, e.g. computer is (كمبيوتر) and hard disk is (هارد ديسك). It is interesting to note how these words are adapted to Arabic pronunciation and grammar. For example, computer becomes /combuter/ since Arabic does not have the sound /p/. Some English verbs in computer terminology get conjugates, e.g. save (سيفت) /sayevt/ ‘saved’, (تسيف) ‘tesayev/, ‘you save’. Many computer terms have entered young people’s every day language, even when not talking about computers, e.g. the word ‘online’ (أونلاين) is being used by young people about their daily life even when not talking about computer, in the sense ‘are you with me?’ or ‘can you understand me?’

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Comments:

  1. Olga:

    dear Aziza,
    first of all let me thank you for writing this blog, it is a very useful one. I think about writing a research about computer terms and Arabic so I would be grateful if you share anything (links for sites, downloads, book and article titles) concerning this subject
    looking forward for your answer
    thank you

  2. Trailers for Sale:

    it is a very useful one. I think about writing a research about computer terms and Arabic so I would be grateful if you share anything (links for sites, downloads, book and article titles) concerning this subject
    looking forward for your answer……………….Trailers for Sale

    • aziza:

      @Trailers for Sale Try to look at the Arabic versions of major computer magazines online!
      Salaam,
      Aziza