Some constructions involving nouns Posted by aziza on Nov 2, 2010 in Grammar
In this post, I bring together some constructions that are based on nouns or that involve nouns in them. These can be confusing to new learners of Arabic. The reviewd constructions are nominal sentence (الجملة الاسمية), nouns and adjectives (الاسم والصفة) and idaafa constructions (الإضافة).
The Nominal Sentence:
A nominal sentence begins with a noun or a pronoun, and it is called the subject of the sentence. The second part of the sentence is called the predicate, and it can include different constructions, e.g. nouns, adjectives, verbs or prepositional phrases, e.g.
“Mohammed is a doctor.”
“The lesson is difficult.”
“The boy is playing.”
الطالب مع زملائه.
“The student is with his colleagues.”
Nouns and Adjectives:
Nouns come before adjectives in Arabic, and they both have to agree with each other in number, gender, definiteness, case, etc.
“The difficult lesson”
“A difficult lesson”
“The Lebanese students” (pl.)
“Lebanese students” (f. pl.)
Idaafa is a construction that involves two or more nouns. The first one has to indefinite, and the last one is usually definite, but it can be indefinite as well in some cases, e.g.
“The reading lesson”
ابن عم الطالب
“The student’s cousin”
“A bed room”
I hope these examples have provided good illustration of the 3 different constructions that are based on nouns!
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