The Accusative Case in Arabic Posted by aziza on May 16, 2009 in Grammar
The accusative case (حالة النصب) is the case of nouns used as object in verbal sentences, and their modifying adjectives. Nouns and adjectives that are accusative are called (المنصوب) in Arabic. There are various endings used to mark the accusative case; depending on the number, gender and definiteness of the noun or adjective in question.
Definite singular (and broken plural) nouns and adjectives are marked by (فتحة) which is written as (ـَ), and sounds like a short /a/
قابلتُ الطالبَ الجديدَ.
“I metthenew student.”
Indefinite singular (and broken plural) nouns and adjectives are marked by (تنوين الفتح) which is written as (اً) and has the sound / an/
قابلتُ طالباً جديداً.
“I met a new student.”
It should be noted that (تنوين الفتح) when written onnouns ending in ta’ marbouTa appears only as (ـً) without the associated alif.
قابلتُ طالبةً جديدةً.
“I met a new student (feminine).”
Dual nouns and adjectives are marked by the suffix (ين)
قابلتُ طالبين جديدين.
“I met new students (masculine dual).”
Sound masculine plural nouns and adjectives are marked by the suffix (ين)
قابلتُ المدرسين اللبنانيين.
“I met the Lebanese teachers.”
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