Weak (Sick) Verbs: The Mithaal Verb الفعل المِثال Posted by Fisal on May 25, 2011 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Vocabulary
- We have previously discussed the three types of the Healthy (Sound/strong) Verbs الأفعال الصحيحة . Today, will start looking at Unhealthy (Sick/weak) Verbs الأفعال المعتلة.
- A sick/weak verb is that which has one or two sick letters in its base (root).
- The letters that make a verb sick/weak are: Waw (و ), Alif (ا ) and Yaa (ى ), forming the name of the English letter (Y).
- The sick/weak verbs are divided into three types according to the position of the sick letter in the root verb.
- The first type of sick verbs is the Mithaal Verb الفعل المثال .
A Mithaal مِثال Verb is that whose first letter is sick in its root (base) form.
- The Mithaal verb always starts with either a Waw or a Yaa; e.g. وَعَدَ = to promise
The table shows the different tense forms of this type of verb;
with Waw as a First letter
(the Waw is omitted in the present and imperative)
|To arrive at||وَرَدَ||يَرِدُ||رِدْ|
|To leave / let||وَذَرَ||يَذَرُ||ذَرْ|
|To set foot on||وطِأَ||يَطَاُ||طَأ|
|Mithaal Verbs with Waw as a First letter
(the Waw is not changed)
|To fancy / imagine||وَهِمَ||يَوْهَمُ||اِوهِمْ|
|To tag / label||وَسَمَ||يَوْسمُ||اِوسِمْ|
|To date / meet||وَاعَدَ||يُواعِدُ||وَاعِدْ|
|Mithaal Verbs Starting with Yaa which is not omitted||To grow up||يَفـُعَ||يَيْفَعُ||اِيْفَعْ|
|To give up||يَئِسَ||يَيْأسُ||اِيئَسْ|
(Note 1: The rules of gender and number we studied earlier apply to these verb tenses.)
(Note 2 : There are very few verbs starting with Yaa in Arabic and they are hardly used.)
Next time, we will continue looking at Unhealthy (Sick/weak) Agwaf Verbs.
Check us back soon
Peace سلام / Salam/
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what is the reason to name as ‘Mithaal’ the sick Arbic verbs with first letter as waw or ya
PLease give examples of the different “sick verbs” in Arabic.
Try searching our blog for “Weak verbs” and you will come to this page:
Also, try the “older entries” link at the bottom of the page for more blogs 🙂
How do we pronounce اِوهِمْ
Or is the imperative form هم?