How to Make Comparisons in Chinese Posted by sasha on Apr 16, 2018 in Vocabulary
An important step in making it out of the beginner phase and into an intermediate level of Chinese is being able to make comparisons. Thankfully, it’s not that hard to get the hang of. This post will show you how to make comparisons in Chinese. First, let’s learn the most important character you’ll need.
The Most Important Character for Comparisons
First up, write this character down, as you’re going to need it a lot:
比 – bǐ
This character basically means “compare/contrast.” The basic formula for using it to make comparisons goes something like: Subject 1 + 比 + Subject 2 + Adjective. It’s similar to making comparisons in English, only you don’t have to learn to differentiate between two methods (i.e. adj.-er than vs. more adj. than). My Chinese students always have such a hard time with that in English, and rightfully so. In Chinese, you just use 比 to show a comparison.
To show you how this character is used and how simple the formula is, here are a few positive examples:
tā bǐ wǒ gāo
He’s taller than me.
shàng hǎi bǐ běi jīng dà
Shanghai is bigger than Beijing.
xī cān bǐ zhōng cān guì
Western food is more expensive than Chinese food.
jīn tiān bǐ zuó tiān rè
Today is hotter than yesterday.
Easy, right? See if you can put together a few sentences using 比 on your own.
To make a negative comparison, you simply add the character for “no/not” (不 – bù) or the word for “no/don’t have” (没有 – méi yǒu). Just look at two different ways you can flip one of the above examples and make it negative:
wǒ bù bǐ tā gāo
I’m not as tall as him.
wǒ méi yǒu tā gāo
I’m not as tall as him.
As you can see, when you use 没有, there’s no need to use 比. Actually, it’s more common to use 没有 when making a negative comparison. Based on that, how do you think you would say “Beijing isn’t as big as Shanghai”?
běi jīng méi yǒu shàng hǎi dà
Beijing isn’t as big as Shanghai.
See if you can try and change some of the other examples from above or make your own to practice.
More Specific Comparisons
So far, we’ve learned how to make pretty general comparisons, but what if you want to be more specific? For example, how can you compare how many years older than someone you are? Take a look at this example:
wǒ èr shí liù suì
I’m 26 years old.
wǒ dì di shí yī suì
My little brother is 11 years old.
wǒ bǐ dì di dà shí wǔ suì
I’m 15 years older than my little brother.
As you can see, I just add the number of years at the end of the sentence to show how much older I am. Let’s try another one:
hàn bǎo èr shí kuài
A hamburger is 20 kuai.
jiān bǐng sān kuài
A Chinese pancake is 3 kuai.
So, how would you say in Chinese that the burger is 17 kuai more than a jian bing?
hàn bǎo bǐ jiān bǐng guì shí qī kuài
A hamburger is 17 kuai more expensive than a Chinese pancake.
Here’s one more specific example for you to practice:
jīn tiān èr shí wǔ dù
Today it’s 25 degrees.
zuó tiān èr shí èr dù
Yesterday it was 22 degrees.
How would you say that it is three degrees hotter today than yesterday?
jīn tiān bǐ zuó tiān rè sān dù
Today it’s three degrees hotter than yesterday.
Keep practicing and make your own examples and you’ll start to get it in no time.
It’s always easing asking questions in Chinese! Just like for any yes/no question, you just need to add the question particle (吗 – ma) to the end of the sentence:
zhōng wén bǐ yīng wén nán ma
Is Chinese more difficult than English?
Of course, you’ll answer…
zhōng wén méi yǒu yīng wén nán
Chinese is not as difficult as English.
To review everything learned in this post, you can watch this short video from our YouTube channel:
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