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Verb Conjugation in Dari Posted by on May 9, 2012 in Uncategorized

Verb Conjugation in Dari

In the previous article we talked about the forms of a verb in Dari language. Today we will learn how to conjugate a verb. In Dari the verb conjugation is done the same way for almost all verb tenses. For Instance, if you learn the verb conjugation for present tense you will be able to conjugate the same verb in the past tense too.  Remember that we never conjugate the infinitive form of the verb in Dari. If you want to conjugate a verb for the past tense, use the past form/stem of the verb for conjugation, and if you are conjugating it for the present tense, use the present form/stem of the verb.  The following are the verb endings that you will be using for conjugation.

Verb Ending                       For the Subject

am                                            I

ee                                             you (singular)

and                                          They

eed                                          you (plural)

ad                                             He/she/it

eem                                         we

We will use the verb Deedan, “to see” to show how you can conjugate the verb. We know that the past form of Deedan is Deed, and its present form is Been. Here we will conjugate for the past tense.

Deedam                               I saw

Deedee                                you saw

Deedand                             They saw

Deedeed                             you saw (plural)

Deed                                     He/she/it saw (The verb for the third person singular does not need any ending in the past tense)

Deedeem                            We saw

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About the Author:Sayed Naqibullah

Sayed Naqibullah speaks Pashto and Dari as his native languages. Since 2004 he has been teaching Dari and Pashto and working as cultrual advisor to NGO workers, foreigners who live, work, or are visiting Afghanistan. Sayed has worked as a linguist for several companies that produce language course-ware. He has worked as a guide, interpreter and translator of a number of NGOs working in Afghanistan. Sayed is also a blog writer on Afghan culture and languages. He is the author of a Dari language textbook called “Dari as a Second Language”.


  1. Sieru:

    I had a question about Dari’s similarity to Farsi. Some sources say that the two are dialects of the same language. Is this true?

    • Sayed Naqibullah:

      @Sieru That is true. The differences between Dari and Farsi are somewhat like the difference between british English And American English.