Dari Language Blog

How to Make an Afghan Kite Posted by on Feb 1, 2014 in culture, language

It Takes Two, Me and You!

Usually one person flies the kite and the other, an assistant, keeps the charkha (an intricately designed wooden drum that keeps the wire wound around it).

Gudiparan: The Kite
Gudiparan (translation: flying doll), come in different sizes – from about 10 to12 inches in diameter to the size of an adult. The average wing span on fighting kites is 3.5 to five feet.  The shape is mostly diamond-shape. Gudiparan are made of thin paper with a “skeleton” of bamboo wood.  This makes Afghan kites very light and flexible.

Tar: The Wire – Afghan kite wire takes hours to prepare. First shisha (a mold to coat the wire) is made, glass ground (to make the wire sharp for cutting) and mixed with an adhesive material and mashed rice to make a paste. The wire is coated with the paste, dried (often by hanging between two trees), and then wound around the drum (charkha).  The coated wire is sharp—it is designed for kite fighting—and can take hours to make. Kite fighters often cut themselves with this sharp wire. To avoid this, many wrap a piece of leather around their index finger (called kilkak) to protect them.

Charkha: The Drum – The charkha is crucial during kite fighting where fast release of wire is critical. The drum must be lightweight, so it is made of wood.

Jang: The Fight – In order to have a kite fight, two kite teams have to be airborne simultaneously. There can be 25 or more kites in the air during a kite fighting tournament.  As soon as two kite wires come in contact, the fight begins! The fight can last from a split second to up to 1/2 hour, or more, depending on wind, the difference in quality of tar between the two parties and whatever else is going on around them! Generally the team with more experience and patience wins the fight.

Azadi Rawast: With the Wind
Once a teams’ kite wire is cut and they lose the kite fight, the kite is released into the air and follows the wind. This is a great opportunity for someone to catch and own it.  This is when you need a “kite runner!”

Sharti from the Block: The Champion
Most Kocha’s (a block or street) have a Sharti (kite fight champion). The title is given to the one who never loses a kite fight.  Traditionally, shartis have a style that captures fans throughout the neighborhood.  However, even shartis occasionally lose, and this is a “big deal” to the kochagi (neighborhood)


Taar                                  تار                      string

Gudiparan Paper          کاغذ گوديپران        special paper for Kite

Baangs                            بانگس                   bamboo stick

Qaichee                           قیچی                    scissors

Gudiparan                    گودی پران            kite

Sheesha                         شیشه                      glass/ powdered glass used for coating the string.

Glue                              سِرش                      any kind of paper glue


Keep learning Dari with us!

Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.

Try it Free Find it at your Library
Share this:
Pin it

About the Author: aniazi

Amir M Niazi, Bachelor of Science in MIS - Bellevue University; Bellevue, NE Associate in Microcomputer Programming, Minor in Networking - Community College; Omaha, NE Bachelor of Science in Medical technology - Kabul, Afghanistan Past 10 years working with Dari, Pashto, Farsi and Urdu languages for different companies. Hobby: - playing music


  1. Elmer Cruz:

    I appreciate the work that you have put in this page. Really good, Thanks for sharing this information.

  2. Sandra King:

    Thank you so much. I am doing a sociology cultural project and decided to tell the class about kite running in Afghanistan.