French Language Blog

Advanced French vocabulary: crime and criminals Posted by on Jun 18, 2012 in Vocabulary

Salut, tout le monde! Comment ça va?

Let’s check out today a list of very interesting words and expressions related to crime, in French.

The Criminals – Les malfaiteurs

le (la) pédophile – paedophile
le cambrioleur – house-breaker
le cambrioleur de banque – bank robber
le complice – accomplice
le meurtrier – murderer
le narcotrafiquant – drug trafficker
le ravisseur – kidnapper
le récidiviste – second-time / habitual offender
le violeur – rapist
le voleur – thief

Crimes – Les crimes

agir en légitime défense – to act in self-defense
agir sous l’emprise de l’alcool – to act under the influence of alcohol
commettre un délit / une infraction – to commit an offense
détourner des fonds – to embezzle funds
enfreindre une loi – to break a law
escroquer – to swindle
exiger une rançon – to demand a ransom
faire chanter – to blackmail
la tentative de meurtre – attempted murder
le blanchiment d’argent – money laundering
le cambriolage – burglary
le chantage – blackmail
le crime passionnel – crime of passion
le meurtre – murder
le rapt / l’enlèvement – abduction, kidnapping
le vol à l’étalage – shoplifting
le vol à main armée – armed robbery
le vol aggravé – robbery with violence
le vol par effraction – breaking-in and burglary
les coups et blessures volontaires – grievous bodily harm
l’homicide volontaire – manslaughter
l’incendie volontaire – arson
passer en fraude – to smuggle
une infraction à la loi – law-breaking

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About the Author: Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.


  1. Asia:

    Hey, should ‘commetre un délit / une infraction’ be with double t? (is it just misspelling or this is actual word?)

    Thank you for your blog very much 🙂 It’s so useful!

    • Adir:

      @Asia Yes, Asia! Thanks for pointing that out, I’ve corrected it! Thanks for visiting the blog!

  2. Alexis:

    “Advanced vocabulary: crime and criminals” Posted on 18. Jun, 2012 by Adir in Vocabulary

    This post about “crime and criminals” is very fitting, it forgot to mention a crime and criminals in its list, “plagiarism” and “plagiarizers”

    The whole post is copied without any reference made to the source, “Quizlet Flashcards”

    Check for yourself here

    To your readers who don’t know Quizlet, “Quizlet is an online learning tool created by high school sophomore Andrew Sutherland. It began as an idea that popped into 15-year-old Andrew Sutherland’s head when he was assigned by his French teacher to memorize 111 animal names”

    A shame that an idea of a 15-year-old gets recklessly exploited without receiving any credit…

    The same Adir makes it look like it is his work or possibly Transparent property when he says in the end: “Want more free resources to learn French? Check out the other goodies we offer to help make your language learning efforts a daily habit”!!!

    Not a very honest way to make profit from your “goodies”…

    • Adir:

      @Alexis Hi, Alexis!

      Question for you: if I decide to post a list of fruits and vegetables in French and, coincidentally it appears in several other books and websites, is that plagiarism too? Given it is such a common topic.

  3. Alexis:

    If you say this is your own material, proof from Quizlet is here to show that you are lying.

    If you say you copied it word for word from Quizlet or any where else without giving credit, you admit you are a plagiarizer.

    Case closed for now, unless you persist.

  4. Saul Maclaurin:

    Excellent merci pour l’info

  5. Emery Ketcham:

    Infos ++ ! Merci !