French Language Blog

French Vocabulary – Family Posted by on Jan 14, 2009 in Vocabulary

In my effort to provide vocabulary in context, I thought it would be a good idea to begin providing groups of words that belong with each other in some way.  Perhaps it will make vocabulary learning easier for my readers… Let me know what you think!

In this article, I’ll provide some vocabulary words and expressions that are related to the family.  

accoucher – to give birth
l’accoucheur – the doctor that delivers the child
l’accouchement –

adopter – to adopt
l’adoption – adoption

aimer – to love
l’amour – love
un amant – lover (romantically – male)
une maitresse – mistress
être amoureux de quelqu’un – be in love with someone

*Je suis d’ascendance anglaise.  
(I’m of English descent.) 

un cocu / une cocuesomeone who has been cheated on by his wife /her husband
faire cocu quelqu’un – to cheat on someone
être cocuto have been cheated on 

un compagnon / une compagnesomeone one lives with without being married

descendre de quelqu’unto be descended from
le descendantthe son, daughter, grandchild of someone
la descendancedescendants (as a group)

divorcerto divorce
le divorcethe divorce
un divorcé / une divorcée a divorcee
briser un couple to break a couple up 

épouser quelqu’un (se marier avec quelqu’un) to marry someone
l’épouxthe husband
l’épouse the wife
les épouxthe married couple 

se fiancer (s’engager à se marier)to get engaged
le fiancé / la fiancéethe fiancé
les fiançailles –  the engagement

fidèlefaithful, someone who does not cheat
la fidélité (conjugale)faithfulness
l’infidélité unfaithfulness 

hériter de quelque chose de quelqu’unto inherit something from someone
l’héritier / l’héritière heir / heiress
l’heritagethe inheritance

se marierto get married
marier ton fils / ta filleto marry off your son / daughter
le marié / la mariéethe groom / the bride
le mariagethe marriage, the wedding
né d’un premier mariage(child) from a previous marriage 

un ménagea household
être en ménage avec quelqu’un / vivre avec quelqu’unto live with someone
être heureux en ménageto be happily married

être né / être néeto be born
*Je suis né le 25 mars. (I was born on March 25th.)
naîtreto be born
*Le bébé doit naître le 25 mars.  (The baby is due on March 25th.)
un nouveau-né a newborn
la naissancebirth
date de naissancebirthdate
*Ma date de naissance est le 25 mars 1970.  (My birthdate is March 25, 1970.) 

la noce nuptials
la nocethe wedding party
la nocewedding celebration
les noceswedding
les noces d’or golden wedding anniversary

rompre avec quelqu’un to break up with someone
la rupture the break-up

se séparer to separate, not live together anymore
la séparation the separation

tromper ta femme / ton maribe unfaithful to your wife /husband
une femme trompéa woman whose husband has cheated on her
un mari trompéa man whose wife has cheated on him

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