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German word order may appear to be very random and confusing for foreign learners. Thus, I want to try to help you to overcome this challenge.
To make it as easy as possible for you to follow my explanation, I am going to start with the easiest and most basic sentence structure (containing less information) and progress to the more difficult ones (by adding more information to my sentence).
These are the words/phrases I am going to use in the following:
Verb (V): (schreibe) – “am writing”
Object (O): (einen Brief) – “a letter”
Subject (S): (ich) – “I”
Time (T): (heute) – “today”
Location (L): (im Büro) – “at the office”
The easiest and most basic sentence structure in German is SUBJECT + VERB.
Ich schreibe. – I am writing
When I want to add both information TIME and LOCATION to my sentence, I only have to employ the rules from above simultaneously. Thus, my sentence can look like this:
Ich schreibe heute im Büro einen Brief. – Today I write a letter at the office.
Ich schreibe heute einen Brief im Büro. – Today I write a letter at the office.
And now it is your turn. Here are some words, which you can chain together to build similar sentences like the ones I have just discussed above. I will provide all possible sentences in my next post.
1. V: (liest) – is reading / O: (ein Buch) – a book / L: (in der Bibliothek) – in the library / S: (sie) – she / T: (heute Abend) – tonight
2. S: (er) – he / O: (eine Tasse Kaffee) – a cup of coffee / T: (morgens) – in the morning / V: (trinkt) – is drinking / L: (im Garten) – in the garden
3. S: (sie) – they / T: (freitags) – on Fridays / V: (kaufen) – are buying / O: (Lebensmittel) – groceries / L: (im Supermarkt) – in the supermarket