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Adjectives Posted by on Feb 11, 2012 in Grammar

Greek adjectives describe, modify, or attribute a property to a noun. They have three genders (masculine feminine, neuter), singular and plural. They always have the same gender, number and case with the noun they refer to.

Ex.

Η μεγάλη τρύπα (H megalee trypa).  (Feminine)

The big hole.

Το μεγάλο σχέδιο (To megalo shedio).  (Neuter)

The big plan.

Ο μεγάλος πόνος (O megalos ponos) . (Masculine)

The great pain.

Τα μεγάλα σπίτια (Ta megala spitia). (Plural)

The big houses.

 

Notice! The noun and the adjective may follow different pattern.

Ex.

Επισκέφτηκε το παλιό του σπίτι (Episkefteekeh to palio to spit).

He visited his old house.

Ο συχνός επισκέπτης (O  seehnos episkeptis).

The frequent visitor.

Η καλή μητέρα(ee kalee meetera).

The good mother

 

 

Adjectives decline like nouns. You can distinguish the gender by the ending which is the same as the ending of the noun they describe.

The feminine forms in α or η like nouns in α or η.

Ex.

Η καινούρια μου δουλειά είναι πολύ σκληρή (ee kenourgia moo doulia eene poly skleeree) .

My new job is very tough.

 

Adjectives can be divided into groups according to the ending of the nominative singular:

Regular adjectives

 –ος,-η,-ο        Young Singular Plural
Masculine Ο νέος Οι νέοι
Feminine Η νέα Οι νέες
Neuter Το νέο Τα νέα

 

ος,-α,-ο         Beautiful Singular Plural
Masculine Ο ωραίος Οι ωραίοι
Feminine Η ωραία Οι ωραίες
Neuter Το ωραίο Τα ωραία

 

ης,-α,-ικο          Lazy Singular Plural
Masculine Ο τεμπέλης Οι τεμπέληδες
Feminine Η τεμπέλα Οι τεμπέλες
Neuter Το τεμπέλικο Τα τεμπέλικα

 

-ός,-ιά,-ό          Soft Singular Plural
Masculine Ο μαλακός Οι μαλακοί
Feminine Η μαλακιά Οι μαλακιές
Neuter Το μαλακό Τα μαλακά

 

ής,-ιά,-ί       Orange Singular Plural
Masculine Ο πορτοκαλής Οι πορτοκαλιοί
Feminine Η πορτοκαλιά Οι πορτοκαλιές
Neuter Το πορτοκαλί Τα πορτοκαλιά

 

ύς,-ιά,-ύ        Heavy Singular Plural
Masculine Ο Βαρύς Οι Βαριοί
Feminine Η Βαριά Οι Βαριές
Neuter Το Βαρύ Τα Βαριά

 

Irregular adjectives

The irregular adjectives have an irregular declensional pattern. In this post I will show to you which are the irregular adjectives. The declension will follow in another post.

ής,-ής,-ές        degnified Singular Plural
Masculine Ο αξιοπρεπής Οι αξιοπρεπείς
Feminine Η αξιοπρεπής Οι αξιοπρεπής
Neuter Το αξιοπρεπές Τα αξιοπρεπή

 

ής,-ής,-ές        degnified Singular Plural
Masculine Ο αξιοπρεπής Οι αξιοπρεπείς
Feminine Η αξιοπρεπής Οι αξιοπρεπής
Neuter Το αξιοπρεπές Τα αξιοπρεπή

 

Much or many Singular Plural
Masculine Ο πολύς Οι πολλοί
Feminine Η πολλή Οι πολλές
Neuter Το πολύ Τα πολλά

 

Notice!  use one “λ” when “υ” follows, double “λλ”  in all other cases.

Do not confuse the adjective “πολύ” with the adverb “ πολύ ” which means “ very ” .

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Comments:

  1. Katlynn:

    I saw on the Spanish blog the blogger has videos posted to help. I think something like that would help a lot. Maybe the infinitives of the verbs too. First site I’ve been able to use to actually learn the language, thank you!

    • Transparent Language:

      @Katlynn Thank you for the kind words, Katlynn! We’ll look at getting some video content up for you too. Just in case you haven’t seen it, we have a Facebook community here: http://www.facebook.com/learn.greek, and are @greeklanguage on Twitter. Hope those resources help, too!

  2. Katlynn:

    Oh and would it be possible to clear up how to conjugate the verbs?
    Thanks a ton!

    • dareios:

      @Katlynn Of course it is possible.
      Just give us some time to prepare it.
      Stay tuned!

  3. AsPa:

    Μαρεση η γραμματική θαθελα να Μάθω τις έκτη τάχι δημοτικό

    • dareios:

      @AsPa Μ’αρέσει η γραμματική θα’ θελα να μάθω της έκτης τάξης δημοτικού 🙂

      We will find information about it and I will make some posts.