LearnGreekwith Us!

Start Learning

Greek Language Blog

Verb conjunctions Posted by on Feb 22, 2012 in Grammar

In Greek verbs are divided into two conjunctions.  Two categories.  The first conjunction (α’ συζυγία) includes the verbs which are not stressed on the last syllable. The verbs of the second conjunction (β’ συζυγία) are always stressed on the last syllable.

The second conjunction is divided into two groups. In the first group are the verbs with the ending –α and in the second group the verbs with the ending –εί in present form of the indicative, third person singular. This will help you form the other tenses as well.

The tense for both conjunctions in the following examples is the Simple Present of the indicative. Later we will see the conjunctions for the other tenses.

Let us start with the first conjunction.

 

Λύνω, solve.

Εγώ λύνω
Εσύ λύν-εις
Αυτός, αυτή, αυτό λύνει
Εμείς λύν-ουμε
Εσείς λύν-ετε
Αυτοί, αυτές, αυτά λύν-ουν

 

In order to conjugate the verbs we keep the verb without the ending and then we just add the suitable ending.

Second Conjunction, first group (-α).

 

Απαντώ, answer.

Εγώ απαντ or απαντ-άω
Εσύ απαντ –άς
Αυτός, αυτή, αυτό απαντ –ά or απαντ-άει
Εμείς απαντ –ούμε or απαντ-άμε
Εσείς απαντ -άτε
Αυτοί, αυτές, αυτά απαντ –ουν or απαντ-άνε

 

Do not forget that all the verbs of this category have two forms in all persons apart from the second person in both singular and plural. In Greek the first person of the verb functions as the infinitive.  Thus, the infinitive for the first group of the second conjunction can have two forms as well. Don’t get confused.

Second Conjunction, second group (ει).

 

Λειτουργώ,operate.

Εγώ λειτουργ
Εσύ λειτουργ –είς
Αυτός, αυτή, αυτό λειτουργ –εί
Εμείς λειτουργ –ούμε
Εσείς λειτουργ -είτε
Αυτοί, αυτές, αυτά λειτουργ –ουν

 

Here are some verbs.

1st Conjunction 2nd Conjunction , first group 3rd Conjunction, second verb
Γραφώ, write Αγαπώ, love Ακολουθώ, follow
Σβήνω, erase Φιλώ, kiss Παρατηρώ, observe
Παιζώ, play Κρατώ, hold Εποκοινωνώ , communicate
Πλένω, wash Ρωτώ, ask Εξηγώ, explain
Αγοράζω, buy Σπαταλώ, waste Συγχωρώ, forgive
Πηγαίνω, die Μετρώ, count Πληροφορώ, inform
Μαθαίνω, learn Χαιρετώ, wave Οδηγώ, drive
Έχω, have Πηδώ, jump Ομολογώ, confess
Πιστεύω, believe Γελώ, laugh Ζώ, live
Φωνάζω, shout Κολυμπώ, swim Δημιουργώ, create

 

Share this:
Pin it

Comments:

  1. Diego:

    I think you mean “conjugation”, not “conjunction”. “conjunctions” are linking words such as “and, or, that”, etc.

    • Ourania:

      @Diego Thank you for your comment. This is a post written by the former blogger so I cannot answer on his behalf. I believe he meant conjugation.

  2. Philippa:

    I thought that πηγαίνω meant to go like πάω. Did I misunderstand is this a typo saying die? Thank you for all your info it really helps me