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War vocabulary Posted by on Oct 28, 2015 in Vocabulary

Today is the “No” day anniversary (η επέτειος του “Όχι”) and we celebrate the participation of Greece in the World War II.

by Xuan Che under a CC license on Flickr

by Xuan Che under a CC license on Flickr

In this post there is basic vocabulary related to war and a vocabulary exercise for intermediate or advanced students.

 

war: ο πόλεμος (o polemos)

civil war: ο εμφύλιος πόλεμος (o emfilios polemos)

chemical warfare: ο χημικός πόλεμος (o chimikos polemos)

soldier: ο στρατιώτης (o stratiotis)

army: ο στρατός (ξηράς) (o stratos ksiras)

air force: η πολεμική αεροπορία (ee polemiki aeroporia)

navy: το ναυτικό (to naftiko)

fleet: ο στόλος (o stolos)

peace: η ειρήνη (ee irini)

truce: η ανακωχή (ee anakohi)

enemy: ο εχθρός (o ehtros)

arms: τα όπλα (ta opla)

armament: ο εξοπλισμός (o eksoplismos)

arsenal: το οπλοστάσιο (to oplostasio)

rocket: ο πύραυλος (o piravlos)

front / front line: το μέτωπο / η πρώτη γραμμή (to metopo / ee proti grami)

bomb: η βόμβα (ee vomva)

bombardment: ο βομβαρδισμός (o vomvardismos)

attack: η επίθεση (ee epithesi)

battle: η μάχη (ee mahi)

naval battle: η ναυμαχία (ee navmahia)

civilians: ο άμαχος πληθυσμός (o amahos plithismos)

allies: οι σύμμαχοι (ee simahee)

genocide: η γενοκτονία (ee genoktonia)

refugees: οι πρόσφυγες (ee prosfiges)

by Rusty Clark - hottnfunkyradio.co under a CC license on Flickr

by Rusty Clark – hottnfunkyradio.co under a CC license on Flickr

 

Exercise

Fill in the gaps with words from the list.

 

  1. Ο Δεύτερος Παγκόσμιος ……………… άρχισε το 1939.
  2. Αποφάσισαν να κάνουν ……………… μετά από δέκα χρόνια πολέμου.
  3. Ο Αμερικανικός ……………… ……………… έγινε ανάμεσα στους Βόρειους και τους Νότιους.
  4. Τα Χριστούγεννα, σταμάτησαν τις μάχες και έκαναν εικοσιτετράωρη ………………
  5. Οι δαπάνες για τον ……………… μειώθηκαν κατά 10%.
  6. Ο ΟΗΕ κατάφερε να προστατεύσει τον ……………… ………………

 

If the exercise is  challenging, feel free to use the English translation. Some of the phrases are translated literally.

 

  1. The Second World ……………… started in 1939.
  2. They decided to make ……………… after ten years of war.
  3. The American ……………… ……………… was between the Northern and the Southern.
  4. On Christmas, the fires were ceased and there was a twenty-four hour ………………
  5. The ……………… expenses were reduced by 10%.
  6. The UNO was able to protect ………………

 

You may find the right answers here: war vocabulary

 

 

 

 

 

 

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About the Author: Ourania

Ourania lives in Athens. She holds a degree in French Literature and a Master’s degree in Special Education for Children. Since 2008, she has been teaching Greek to foreigners.