Hindi Language Blog

Adverbs of Time Posted by on Mar 30, 2014 in Hindi Language

There are 3 types of adverbs in Hindi. In this post, I will tell you about the adverbs of time in Hindi.

Adverb of Time is called कालवाचक क्रिया विषेशण (Kaalvaachak Kriya Vishesan) in Hindi. These adverbs are those words which give us the information about the time of an action.

Examples :

माता जी अभी गई हैं। (Mata ji abhi gayi hain – Mother has just gone.)
मैं कल तुम्हारे घर गया था। (Main tumhare ghar kal gaya tha – I went to your house yesterday.)

Adverb of time are divided into 3 types, according to what they indicate about the time of action as:

1. कालबिन्दु वाचक (Kaalbindu Vaachak – Time Point): These words give the indication of point of time of action.


आज (Aaj – Today)
आज रात (Aaj raat – Tonight)
कल (Kal – Tomorrow or Yesterday)
परसों (Parson – Day before yesterday or after after tomorrow)
अब (Ab – Now)
जब (Jab – Then)
कब (Kab – When)
तब (Tab – Then)
अभी (Abhi – Now)

2. अवधि वाचक (Avadhi Vaachak – Duration) : These words give the indication of duration of action.


आजकल (Aajkal – nowdays)
सदैव (Sadav – always)
रातभर (Raatbhar – all through night)
दिनभर (Dinbhar – all through day)
सप्ताहभर (Saptaah – all through day)

3. बारम्बारता वाचक (Baarambaarata Vaachak – Frequency) : These words give the indication of frequency of action.


हर दिन (Har din – each day)
रोज (Roj – daily)
साप्ताहिक (Saaptaahik – weekly)
मासिक (Masik – monthly)
प्रतिदिन (Prati din – everyday)
प्रतिवर्ष (Prativarsh – yearly)
सदैव (Sadav – always)
निरंतर (Nirantar – constantly)
कभी (Kabhi – ever)
अक्सर (Aksar – frequently)
कभी-कभी (Kabhi-kabhi – infrequently)
कभी नहीं (Kabhi nahi – never)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Lizzie:

    Very interesting post, thank you!

    In terms of sentence structure when discussing time, do phrases such as ‘ago’ or ‘from now” come before or after the time?

    For example “John said this 4 minutes ago” is the English sentence structure. And is this the same for from now?

    Many thanks

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @Lizzie Namaste!

      Sorry for such a late reply.

      In Hindi, it it same, these time adverbials will come after the time. Example: जॉन ने यह चार मिनट पहले बोला था। (John ne yeh char minute pehle bola tha – John said this 4 minutes ago). चार मिनट (4 minutes) and पहले (ago). Remember that the verb comes at the end in Hindi.

      Hope this help.