Hindi Language Blog

Past Tense in Hindi Posted by on Mar 30, 2014 in Hindi Language

Today, I will tell about past tense in Hindi, how it is defined and how to make it from the present tense.

Past tense is called भूतकाल (bhootkaal) in Hindi which is constructed from bhoot (past) and kaal (age). In Hindi, the past tense is classified into 6 groups.

Let’s convert a sentence in the present tense (मैं मिठाई खा रहा हूँ – Main mithai kha raha hoon – I am eating sweets) to 6 different past tenses.

 1. सामान्य भूत (Samaany Bhoot  – Past Indefinite Tense)
The past indefinite tense describes the completion of an action that took place in the past.
Example: मैंने मिठाई खाई। (Maine mithai khaai – I ate sweets.)

2. आसन्न भूत (Aasann Bhoot – Recent Past Tense)
The recent Past tense describes the completion of an action that took place over a period of time in the past.
Example: मैंने मिठाई खाई है। (Maine mithai khaai hai – I have eaten sweets.)

3. पूर्ण भूत (Purn Bhoot – Past Perfect Tense)
The past perfect tense is used to indicate that an action occurred before another action in the past.
Example: मैंने मिठाई खाई थी। (Maine mithai khaai thi -I had eaten sweets.)

4. अपूर्ण भूत (Apurn Bhoot – Past Continuous Tense)
The past continuous tense is used to indicate an ongoing action occurring in the past.
Example: मैं मिठाई खा रहा था। (Main mithai khaa raha tha -I had been eating sweet.)

5. संदिग्ध भूत (Sandigghd Bhoot – Doubtful Past Tense or Presumptive Perfect)
The doubtful past tense or presumptive perfect is used to indicate an action which might have or might have not occurred in the past.
Example: मैंने मिठाई खाई होगी। (Maine mithai khaai hogi – I might have eaten sweets.)

6. हेतुहेतुमद भूत (Hetuhetumand Bhoot – Conditional Past Tense)
The conditional past tense is used to indicate occurrence of an action if certain condition would have met in the past.
Example: अगर मैं भूका होता तो मैंने मिठाई खाई होती। (Agar main bhooka hota to meine mithai khaai hoti – If I had hunger I would have eaten sweets)

7. अभ्यस्त भूत (Abhyast Bhoot – Habitual Past Tense)
The habitual past tense is used to indicate regular occurrence of an certain action in the past.
Example: मैं मिठाई खाया करता था। (Main mithai khaaya karta tha) or मैं मिठाई ख़ाता था। (Main mithai khaata tha) (I used to eat sweets.)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. N kusumalatha:

    Thanks for the help it’s worth but one word bhooka in hindi is typed wrong

  2. Bhavan:

    Too good