Hindi Language Blog

Attribute Joining of Vowels in Hindi Posted by on Jun 29, 2012 in Hindi Language

Continuing our post on the vowel joining, I would like to cover one of the vowel joining in this post. This joining is called Attribute Joining (गुण संधि – Gurn Sandhi). This joining combines the two vowels to produce diphthong (संयुक्त स्वर – Sanyukt Svar) in Hindi.

Lets me show you this joining with some examples.

1. Joining of अ (a), आ (ā), इ (i) and ई (ī) to form ए (ē)

a. अ (a) + इ (i) = ए (ē)
देव (Dev – Demi God) + इंद्र (Indra – God) = देवेन्द्र (Devēndra – God of demi-gods)

b. आ (ā) + इ (i) = ए (ē)
राजा (Param – Ultimate) + इंद्र (Indra – God) = राजेंद्र (Rajēndra – God of kings)

c. अ (a) + ई (ī) = ए (ē)
परम (Param – Supreme) + ईश्वर (Isvar – God ) = परमेश्वर (Parmēshvar – Supreme God)

d. आ (ā) + ई (ī) = ए (ē)
महा (Maha – Great) + ईश (Ish – God) = महेश (Mahēsh – Great God)

2. Joining of अ (a), आ (ā) उ (u) and ऊ (ū) to form ओ (ō)

a. अ (a) + उ (u) = ओ (ō)
सूर्य (Surya – Sun) + उदय (Uday – Rise) = सूर्योदय (Suryōday – Sunrise)

b. आ (ā) + उ (u) = ओ (ō)
महा (Maha – Great) + उत्सव (Utsav – Festival) = महोत्सव (Mahōtsav – Great Festival)

c. आ (ā) + ऊ (ū) = ओ (ō)
महा (Maha – Great) + ऊष्मा (Ushma – Heat) = महौष्मा (Mahōshma – Great Heat)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.