Hindi Language Blog

Elaboration Joining of Vowels in Hindi Posted by on Jun 30, 2012 in Hindi Language

Continuing our post on the vowel joining, I would like to cover Elaboration Joining (वृद्धि संधि – Varidhi Sandhi) in this post. This is one of the vowel joining. This joining combines a vowel and diphthong to produce diphthong (संयुक्त स्वर – Sanyukt Svar) in Hindi.

Lets me show you this joining with some examples.

a. अ (a) + ए (ē) = ऐ (ai)
एक (Ek – One) + एक (Ek – One) = एकैक (Ekaik – One to one)

b. अ (a) + ऐ (ai) = ऐ (ai)
मत (Mat – Mind, Vote, Idea) + ऐक्य (Aiky – Communion) = मतैक्य (Mataiky – Consensus)

c. आ (ā) + ए (ē) = ऐ (ai)
सदा (Sadaa – Ever) + एव (Ev – And) = सदैव (Sadaiv – Always)

d. आ (ā) + ऐ (ai) = ऐ (ai)
महा (Maha – Great) + ऐशवर्य (Ishvary – Wealth) = महैश्वर्य (Mahaishvary – Great Wealth)

e. अ (a) + ओ (ō) = औ (au)
परम (Param – Supreme) + ओज (Auj – Force) = परमौज (Paramauj – Supreme Force)

f. अ (a) + औ (au) = औ (au)
वन (Van – Forest) + औषधि (Aushadhi – Medicine) = वनौषधि (Vanaushadhi – Medicine from Forest)

g. आ (ā) + ओ (ō) = औ (au)
महा (Maha – Great) + ओजस्वी  (Aujasvī – Live, Energy) = महौजस्वी (Mahaujasvī – One with great energy)

h. आ (ā) + औ (au) = औ (au)
महा (Maha – Great) + औषध (Aushadh – Medicine) = महौषध (Mahaushadha – Great Medicine)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.