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Counting the Days of the Lunar Cycle Posted by on Sep 25, 2017 in Hindi Language, Uncategorized

Last week, we reviewed counting and cardinal numbers  in Hindi हिंदी गिनती. Let’s extend this to counting the days of the lunar cycle, and an introduction to ordinal numbers. The names for the days of the waxing/waning moon phase are “ordinal” in nature and are referred to by words that indicate their “position” or “order” in the lunar phase (waxing or waning).

Phases of the Moon Image on Flickr.com by David Brossard

The Hindu lunar month is called हिन्दू मास/महीना. It is comprised of two fortnights — the period of the waning moon कृष्ण पक्ष (Krishna paksh) and the period of the waxing moon शुक्ल पक्ष (Shukla paksha). कृष्ण पक्ष ends in the new moon अमावास्या (amavasya) while the शुक्ल पक्ष ends in पूर्णिमा (poornima) or full moon night. In Bollywood movies you will often hear the full moon night referred to as पूनम की रात (poonam ki raat), when lovers plan rendezvous in the moonshine.

Both, the कृष्ण पक्ष and शुक्ल पक्ष have 15 days each, or a fortnight. The days of each of these are as follows:

 VOCABULARY
Cardinal Number in Hindi Ordinal Number in Hindi Days in the Phases of the Lunar Month
one एक –  १ first प्रथम
pehla/pratham
प्रथम
Prathama
two दो – २ second दूसरा
doosra/dwitiya
द्वितीय
Dwitiya
three तीन – ३ third तीसरा
teesra/tritiya
तृतीया
Tritiya
four चार –  ४ fourth चौथा
chautha
चतुर्थी
Chaturthi
five पाँच – ५ fifth पांचवां
paanchva
पंचमी
Panchami
six छह –  ६ sixth छठा
chhata
sshti
Shashti
seven सात –  ७ seventh सातवाँ
saatvan
सप्तमी
Saptami
eight आठ –  ८ eighth आठवाँ
aanthva
अष्टमी
Ashtami
nine नौ –  ९ ninth नौवां
nauva
नवमी
Navami
ten दस –  १० tenth दसवां
dusvaa
दशमी
Dashami
eleven ग्यारह –  ११ eleventh ग्यारहवाँ
gyarahvaa
एकादशी
Ekadashi
twelve बारह – १२ twelfth बारहवां
baarahva
द्वादशी
Dwadashi
thirteen तेरह –  १३ thirteenth तेरहवां
terahvaa
त्रयोदशी
Treyodashi
fourteen चौदह –  १४ fourteenth चौदहवां
chaudahvaa
चतुर्दशी
Chaturdashi
fifteen  पंद्रह –  १५ fifteenth पंद्रहवां pandrahvaa पूर्णिमा / अमावस्या
Poornima/Amavasya

Learning these will not only make it easier for you to remember (and construct) ordinal numbers, it will enable you to understand references to the days in the phases in the Lunar cycle, especially during the festive months where observances are made on specific days like navami नवमी, dashami दशमी, and so forth.

For example:

Ram Navami is held on the ninth day of the Shukla paksha or waxing phase of the Hindu month Chaitra.

Durga Puja on the occasion of Vijaya Dashami. Image on Flickr.com by Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission

Vijaya Dashami or Dashahara is held on the tenth day of the Shukla paksha or waxing phase of the Hindu month Ashvin.

Krishna Janmashtami falls on the eighth day of the Krishna paksha or waning phase of the Hindu month Shravana.

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About the Author:Nitya

Namaste, friends. My name is Nitya. I was born and raised in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). I'm a native Hindi speaker. However, as life took me through school, college, work, and waves of friends from different parts of India, my repertoire of Hindi flavors and dialects grew and added dimension to my native fluency. Casual, formal, colloquial, and regional ... Hindi is a language with incredible variety and localization. Through this blog, I will help you learn Hindi through conversations, vocabulary, colloquialisms, and glimpses of Indian culture. आओ, मिलकर हिंदी सीखते हैं। (Aao, milkar Hindi seekhte hain!) Come, let's learn Hindi together.