Hindi Language Blog

Derivative Roots in Hindi – I Posted by on Mar 31, 2016 in Hindi Language

In Hindi, some of the verbs are derived from other verbs. The root of base verb changes to form a new root. This derived verb is called व्युत्पन्न धातु (Vyautpann Dhaatu – Derivative Root) in Hindi.

Let’s take some examples and see how this is done. And remember that the verbs in Hindi have ‘ना’ ending, the part before the ending are main or base root of the verb. It’ll be clear from the examples below:

1. उठना (Utna – to raise or lift) 

उठ – > उठा results in formation of verb उठाना (Utaana – to lift to something or someone)

उठ > उठवा results in formation of verb उठवाना (Utavaana – to make someone lift something or someone by someone (third person))

2. पीना (Peena – to drink)

पी – > पिला results in formation of verb पिलाना (Pilwana – to feed a drink, liquid to someone (second person) )

पी – > पिलवा results in formation of verb पिलवाना (Pilvaana – to make someone (second person) feed a drink, liquid someone (third person) )

3. सोना (Sona – to sleep)

सो – > सुला results in formation of verb  सुलाना (Sulana – to make someone (second person) sleep)

सो – > सुलवा results in formation of verb सुलवाना (Sulvaana – to make someone (second person) make someone (third person) sleep)

4. देना (Dena – to give)

दे – > दिला results in formation of verb दिलाना (Dilaana – To make someone (second person) give something)

दे – > दिलवा results in formation of verb दिलवाना (Dilvaana – to make someone (second person) give something to someone (third person))

5. खाना (Khana – to eat)

खा – > खिला results in formation of verb खिलाना (Khilana – to feed someone (second person) )

खा – > खिलवा results in formation of verb खिलवाना (Khilvaana – to make someone (second person) feed someone (third person))

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. Sat:

    Namaste Ji,

    Could you please provide a sample sentence each for each of the words you gave in the five examples given above under Derivative Roots in Hindi-1?

    Thanks for your help!

  2. ildebert:

    so explained these derivative roots are easy to be understood.Thanks