Hindi Language Blog

Examples of Derivative Roots in Hindi – I Posted by on Apr 7, 2016 in Hindi Language

In Hindi, some of the verbs are derived from other verbs. The root of base verb changes to form a new root.  In the last post, we saw how to derive new verbs root from other verbs. These derived verb is called व्युत्पन्न धातु (Vyautpann Dhaatu – Derivative Root) in Hindi. In this post, let’s take some examples in Hindi.

For the previous post on Derivative Roots, please check this link.

1. उठना (Utna – to raise or lift)
मैं सुबह ७ बजे उठा। – I woke up at 7 o’ clock in the morning.

उठाना (Utaana – to lift to something or someone)
क्या तुम मुझे कल सुबह ७ बजे उठा दोगे। – Will you wake me up in morning at 7 o’ clock?

उठवाना (Utavaana – to make someone lift something or someone by someone (third person))
तुम्हे मुझे कल किसी से बोल कर सुबह ७ बजे उठवाना है। – You have to ask someone to wake me up in the morning at 7 o’ clock.

2. पीना (Peena – to drink)
मुझे पानी पीना है। – I have to drink water.

पिलाना (Pilwana – to feed a drink, liquid to someone (second person) )
मुझे तुम्हें दवाई पिलानी है। – I have to feed you the medicine.

पिलवाना (Pilvaana – to make someone (second person) feed a drink, liquid someone (third person) )
मुझे किसी को बोल कर तुम्हे दवाई पिलवनी है। – I have to tell someone to feed you the medicine.

3. सोना (Sona – to sleep)
मैं कल रात १० बजे सोया था। –  Yesterday, I slept at 10 o’ clock .

सुलाना (Sulana – to make someone (second person) sleep)
क्या तुम बच्चों को रात को १० बजे सुला दोगे? – Will you make children sleep 10 o’ clock tonight?

सुलवाना (Sulvaana – to make someone (second person) make someone (third person) sleep)
तुम्हे किसी को बोल कर बच्चों को रात को १० बजे सुलवाना  है। – You have to tell someone to make children sleep 10 o’ clock tonight.

4. देना (Dena – to give)
मुझे तुम्हे कुछ देना है। – I need to give you something.

दिलाना (Dilaana – To make someone (second person) give something)
तुम बच्चों को कुछ मत दिलाना। – Don’t purchase anything for the children.

दिलवाना (Dilvaana – to make someone (second person) give something to someone (third person))
तुम राकेश को बोल देना की बच्चों को कुछ नहीं दिलवाना है। – You have to tell Rakesh that he don’t have to purchase anything for the children.

5. खाना (Khana – to eat)
मुझे सेब खाना है। – I have to eat apple.

खिलाना (Khilana – to feed someone (second person))
हमे कुछ लोगों को खाना खिलना है। – We have to feed some people.

खिलवाना (Khilvaana – to make someone (second person) feed someone (third person))
तुम अमित को बोल देना की उससे कुछ लोगों को खाना खिलवाना है। – Tell Amit that he has to feed some people.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. jane:

    This is great although I am not sure of how to use the third verb derivative. Are there any English phrase example, Sample sentences ofr how we would use a verb in the same way?

  2. Rajeev:

    I was using videos and podcast to learn but this kind of posts is very nice.