Hindi Language Blog

Examples of Derivative Roots in Hindi – II Posted by on Apr 22, 2016 in Hindi Language

In Hindi, some of the verbs are derived from other verbs. The root of base verb changes to form a new root.  In the last post, we saw how to derive new verbs root from other verbs. These derived verb is called व्युत्पन्न धातु (Vyautpann Dhaatu – Derivative Root) in Hindi. In this post, let’s take some examples in Hindi.

For the previous post on Derivative Roots, please check this link.

1. उड़ना (Udnaa – to fly)
मैं आसमान में पक्षी की तरह उड़ना चाहता हूँ। – I want to fly in sky like a bird.

उड़ाना (Udaana- to fly something or someone)
मुझे पतंग उड़ाना पसंद है। – I like to fly kites.

उड़वाना (Udvaana – to make someone fly something or someone by someone (third person))
हम किसी से यह जहाज उड़वाना है।  –  We have to make someone fly this plane.

2. रोना (Rona – to cry)
मुझे रोना पसंद नहीं है। – I don’t like to cry.

रुलाना (Rulana – to make someone cry)
मुझे किसी को रुलाना पसंद नहीं है। – I don’t like to make someone cry.

रुलवाना (Rulvaana – to make someone cry by third person)
किसी को रुलवाना सही नहीं है।  – I have to tell someone to feed you the medicine.

3. कटना (Katna – to cut self)
यह समय कटना चाहिए।  –  This time should pass.

काटना (Kaatna – to cut someone or something)
मुझे अभी सब्ज़ी काटनी है।  – Now, I have to cut vegetable.

कटवाना (Katvaana – to make someone cut someone or something)
तुम्हे किसी को बोल कर यह गास कटवानी है।  – You have to tell someone and get this grass cut.

4. खुलना (Khulna – to open self)
यह दरवाजा खुलना नहीं चाहिए। – This door should not be opened.

खोलना (Kholna – to open)
यह डब्बा खोलना। – This tin needs to be opened.

खुलवाना (Khulvaana – to make someone open something)
तुम्हे कल राकेश को बोल कर दुकान खुलवानी है। – You have to tell Rakesh to open the shop tomorrow.

5. मरना (Marna – to die)
हम सबको एक दिन मरना है।  – We all have to die one day.

मारना (Maarna – to kill or beat someone or something)
क्या तुम्हे लोगों को मारना अच्छा लगता है?- Do you like to beat other people?

मरवाना (Marvaana – to make someone kill or beat someone)
क्या तुम्हे पता है, रमेश ने किसी से रोहित को मरवा दिया।  – Do you know that Ramesh has got Rohit killed?

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.