Hindi Language Blog

Inflectional Suffix Joining in Hindi Posted by on Mar 27, 2015 in Hindi Language

In Hindi language, we combine and create new words quite often. In Hindi, Joining (संधि) or combination are of 3 major types. When a word is created from the combinations of inflectional suffix and consonant or vowel, then this combination or joining is called विसर्ग संधि (Visarg Sandi – inflectional Suffix Joining)

In this post, let me show you some examples on how inflectional suffix are combined with another word to form a new word

Examples: Note carefully, how the two Hindi suffixes or consonants or vowels are combining to produce a newly formed word.

1. मन: (Man – Mind) + रथ (Rath – Vehicle) = मनोरथ (Manorath – Desire)

2. नि: (Ni – Without) + धन (Dhan – Money) = निर्धन (Nirdhan – Poor)

3. नि: (Ni – Without) + रोग (Rog – Disease) = निरोग ( Nirog – Healthly)

4. नम: (Nam – Greeting) + ते (Te – to you) = नमस्ते (Greeting to you)

6. यश: (Yash – Fame) + अभिलाषा (Abhilasha – Desire) = यशोभिलाषा (Yashobhilasha – Desire for fame)

7. अध: (Adh – Reduction) + गति (Gati – Speed) = अधोगति (Adhogati – Degradation)

8. नि: (Ni – Without) + छल (Chal – Deceit) = निश्छल (Nischal – Sincere)

9. दु: (Du – Negation) + गम (Gam – Path) = दुर्गम (Durgam – Remote Place)

10. मनः (Man – Mind) + अनुकूल (Anukul – Suitable) = मनोनुकूल (Nanokul – Flexible)

11. मनः (Man – Mind) + बल (Bal – Strength) = मनोबल (Manobal – Moral)

12. निः (Ni – Without) + आहार (Aahar – Food)  = निराहार (Niraahar – Foodless)

13. निः (Ni – Without) + आशा (Aasha – Hope)   = निराशा (Nirasha – Disappointment)

14. दुः (Du – Negation) + शासन (Shaasan – Governance) = दुश्शासन (Dushshaan – Bad Governance)

15. नि: (Ni – Without) + संतान (Santaan – Children) = निस्संतान (Nissantaan – Childless)

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. ANITA:

    PL. guide me regarding Joining of Gaurav word in Hindi