Hindi Language Blog

Nominal Suffix in Hindi – Continued Posted by on Jul 28, 2012 in Hindi Language

In continuation of our previous post,  I will present the two more types of nominal suffix in Hindi.  Like previous post, we will go into various suffix which come under two types of nominal suffix. Examples are with Devanagari (Hindi script), Romanized Hindi and English translation for your understanding.

New readers and members can find the previous post on the nominal suffix at https://blogs.transparent.com/hindi/nominal-suffix-in-hindi/

Lets go through some nominal suffix and their examples.

A. संज्ञा से विशेषण  (Sangya se Vishesan) – Noun from Adjective

1. गुण वाचक  (Gurn Vaachak – Attribute Indicator)

These suffix indicates attribute of a noun.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
ई (ī) गुलाब (Gulaab – Rose) गुलाबी (Gulaabi – Pink)
ईला (īla) रस (Ras – Juice) रसीला (Rasila  – Juicy)
ईन (īn) नमक (Namak  – Salt) नमकीन (Namkeen – Salty)
आ  (aa) भूख (Bhukh – Hunger) भूखा (Bhukha – Hungry)

2. स्थान वाचक (Sthan  Vaachak – Location Indicator)

These suffix when used with a noun form an abstract noun.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
इया (iya) जापान (Jaapan  – Japan) मुम्बइया (Mumbaiya – so/sth from Mumbai)
ई (ī) मुंबई (Mumbai – Mumbai) जापानी (Jaapani – Japanese)
ऊ (uu) बाजार (Baazar – Market) बाजारू (Baazaru – so/sth from Market)
एलू  (aelu) घर (Ghar – Home) घरेलू (Gharelu – so/sth from Home)

3. रिश्ता – नाता बोधक (Rishte – Naata Bodhak – Family Relationship Indicator)

These suffix gives the indication of family relationship.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
एरा  (era) चाचा (Chaacha – Uncle) चचेरा (Chachera – Cousin)

4. संबंध वाचक (Sambandh Vaachak – Relationship Indicator)

These suffix gives the indication of the relationship.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
इक (ik) धर्म (Dharm – Religion) धार्मिक (Dharmic – Religious)
आना (aana) साल (Saal – Year) सालाना  (Saalaana – Yearly/Annually)

B. क्रिया विशेषण से विशेषण (Kriya Visleshan se Visleshan) – Adjectives from Adverbs

These suffix when used with an adverbs forms an adjective.
Suffix Word Root Example Word
ला (la) आगे (Aage – Ahead) अगला (Agala – Next)

If you come across any difficulty, please let me know. Your valuable feedback, comments and suggestions are welcome.

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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. kenneth:

    Please check – the examples for ‘japani’ and ‘mumbaiya’ may have been interchanged.

    • Nitin Kumar:

      @kenneth Namaste Kenneth,

      Thanks you for pointing the typo! 🙂 I have made correction to the post.