Hindi Language Blog

Nominal Suffix in Hindi Posted by on Jul 28, 2012 in Hindi Language

In the previous post on Suffix, we have coverd the primary suffix in Hindi. In this post, I would like to discuss the nominal suffix in Hindi. These are called तध्दित प्रत्यय (Tadhdit Pratyay) in Hindi. These suffix can be added to the nouns, adjectives or adverbs to form nouns or adjectives.

The nominal suffix can be of 4 types. To keep this post simple and easy to grasp, I will only cover 2 types of nominal suffix in this post and rest in the next post.

Lets have a look in detail with some examples.

A. संज्ञा से संज्ञा (Sangya se Sangya) – Noun from Noun

1. लघुता वाचक (Laghutaa vaachak – Shortening Indicator)

These suffix indicates or portrait something smaller or affectionate.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
इया (Iya) डिब्बा (Dhibba – Box) डिब्बिया(Dhibbiya – Small box)
ई (u) पहाड़  (Pahaad – Mountain) पहाड़ी (Pahaadi – Hill)
री (rī) कोठा (Kotha – Big room) कोठरी (Kothari – Closet)

2. भाव वाचक (Bhaav vaachak)

These suffix when used with a noun form an abstract noun.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
पन (pan) लड़का (Ladka – Boy) लड़कपन (Ladakpan – Childhood)
ई (ī) चोर (Chor – Thief) चोरी (Chori – Theft)
ता (ta) मानव (Maanav – Human) मानवता (Maanavata – Humanity)
आई  (aaī) पंडित (Pandit – Scholar) पंडिताई (Panditaai – Scholarship)

3. जीविका वाचक (Jivika vaachak)

These suffix gives the indication of the occupation of the noun.

Suffix Word Root Example Word
एरा  (era) साँप (Sanp – Snake) सँपेरा (Sanpera – Snake Charmer)
आर  (aar) सोना (Sona – Gold) सुनार (Sunaar – Goldsmith)
कार  (kaar) पत्र (Patr – Letter) पत्रकार (Patrkaar – Journalist)
क (ka) लेख (Lekh – Writing) लेखक (Lekhak – Writer)
गर (gar) जादू  (Jadu – Magic) जादूगर (Jadugar – Magician)
दार (daar) दुकान (Dukaan – Shop) दुकानदार (Dukaandar – Shopkeeper)

B. विशेषण से संज्ञा (Visleshan se Sangya) – Nouns from Adjectives

These suffix when used with an adjective forms a noun.
Suffix Word Root Example Word
पन (pan) काला (Kaala – Black) कालापन(Kaalapan – Blackness)
आस (aas) मीठा (Mitha – Sweet) मिठास (Mithas – Sweetness)
ई (ī) गरीब (Garib – Poor) गरीबी (Garibi – Poverty)
आई (aaī) अच्छा (Accha – Good) अच्छाई (Acchai – Goddness)
आहट (aahat) कड़वा (Kadva – Bitter) कड़वाहट (Kadvaahat – Bitterness)
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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


  1. fareeha:

    very helpful thanks