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Top 10 Spelling Mistakes in Hindi Posted by on Mar 26, 2013 in Hindi Language

Spelling mistakes in Hindi are some of the common pitfall which any Hindi learner would be facing sooner than later. These spelling mistakes are because of incorrect vowel, consonant or both. Some of mistakes are so common that even literate mass make them.

In this post, I’ll try to describe these common mistakes along with examples.

1. Use of “ (ba)” in place of “व (va)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. बिषेला विषेला (Poisonous)
2. बन वन (Forest)
3. बिपत्ति विपत्ति (Calamity)
4. दवाब दबाव (Pressure)
5. बधू वधू (Bridge)
6. बस्तु वस्तु (Thing)

2. Use of “” (cha) in place of “क्ष” (ṛa)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. लछमी लक्ष्मी  (Hindu Goddess of Money & Treasure)
2. सिच्छा शिक्षा  (Education)
3. छण क्षण (Moment)
4. छमा क्षमा (Pardon/Exemption)
5. क्षात्र छात्र (Male Student)

3. “” (sha), “” (sa)  and “” (ṣa) related mistakes

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. कुसल कुशल  (Skilled)
2. प्रसंशा प्रशंसा (Applaud)
3. प्रशाद प्रसाद (Blessed food)
4. पोषक पोशाक(Costume)
5. सहीद शहीद (Martyr)
6. स्वास श्वास (Breathe)
7. नास नाश (Destruction)
8. कश्ट कष्ट (Pain)
9. शुशामा सुषमा(First Ray of Sun)

4. Use of “” (n) in place of “” (ṇa)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. प्रान प्राण (Life)
2. साधारन साधारण (Common)
3. हिरन हिरण (Deer)
4. रामायन रामायण (a Hindu Mythology)
5. वीना वीणा (Indian Music Instrument)
6. प्रमान प्रमाण (Proof)
7. उदाहरन उदाहरण (Example)

5. Mistakes of “र्” (रेफ) (ra)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. आर्दश आदर्श (Ideal)
2. नर्क नरक (Hell)
3. स्वरगीय स्वर्गीय (Heaven departed)
4. कार्यकर्म कार्यक्रम (Program)
5. मरयादा मर्यादा (Dignity)
6. आर्शीवाद आशीर्वाद (Blessing)
7. दुदर्शा दुर्दशा (Bad Condition)
8. परसाद प्रसाद (Blessed food)

6. Common mistakes of other Consonants

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. बहिन बहन (Sister)
2. श्रंखला श्रृंखला (Series)
3. अद्भुत अदभुत (Magnificent)

7. Use of “” (aa) in place of “” (a)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. हथिनी हथिनी (Female Elephant)
2. बारात बरात (Marriage Ceremony)
3. आधीन अधीन (Under Control of So/Sth)

8. Use of “” (i) in place of “” (ī)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. दिवाली दीवाली (Hindu’s Fest)
2. बिमारी बीमारी (Disease)
3. दिवार दीवार (Wall)
4. श्रीमति श्रीमती (Mrs.)
5. महिना महीना (Month)

9. Use of “” (u) in place of “” (ū)

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. हिंदु हिन्दू (Hindu)
2. चाकु चाकू (Knife)
3. जादु जादू (Magic)
4. सुरज सूरज (Sun)

Or, use of “” in place of “

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. प्रभू प्रभु (God)
2. साधू साधु (Sage)
3. दूबारा दुबारा (Again)
4. गूरू गुरु (Teacher/Master)

10. Mistakes of vowel] nasalization based diacritic – Use of “ं ” in place of ” ँ “

Incorrect Spelling Correct Spelling
1. आंख आँख (Eye)
2. अंधेरा अँधेरा (Darkness)
3. मुंह मुँह (Mouth)
4. दांत दाँत (Teeth)
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About the Author: Nitin Kumar

Nitin Kumar is a native Hindi speaker from New Delhi, India. His education qualification include Masters in Robotics and Bachelors in Mechanical Engineering. Currently, he is working in the Research and Development in Robotics in Germany. He is avid language learner with varied level of proficiency in English, German, Spanish, and Japanese. He wish to learn French one day. His passion for languages motivated him to share his mother tongue, Hindi, and culture and traditions associated with its speakers. He has been working with Transparent Language since 2010 and has written over 430 blogs on various topics on Hindi language and India, its culture and traditions. He is also the Administrator for Hindi Facebook page which has a community of over 330,000 members.


Comments:

  1. Rusha:

    Behtareen hai ye sab! 🙂
    Dhanyavaad.. Hume Hindi ka sahi prayog sahi tarike se yaad dilane..

  2. satyajeet behera:

    that’s correct but do you have any suggestion to rectify it.