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Sendiri can be used before or after the verb or after the object of the verb.
I came myself.
We bought this apartment ourselves.
Colloquially sendiri is often used after the verb instead of sendirian, seorang diri “alone, by oneself”.
He came by himself/alone.
The reduplicated form sendiri- sendiri means ”apart, separately”.
They went home separately.
Both sendiri and the phrase dengan sendirinya means ”automatically, by itself, of its own accord” when referring to action by an inanimate subject.
That door opened by itself.
That car moved automatically.
Following a possessive noun or pronoun, sendiri translates “own”.
Those table and chair are from my own house.
This is my own house.
A reflexive phrase consists of minimally of reflexive pronoun diri”self”. A minimal reflexive phrase usually occurs as the object of a verb and indicates that the object is the same person as the subject of the verb.
They look after themselves properly.
The host introduced himself to the guest.
Sometimes a transitive verb followed by diri occurs where English uses an intransitive verb.
That man fled.
The prime minister resigned.
The full reflexive phrase is diri+ possessive pronoun+sendiri
Third person “–nya” corresponds to a plural as well as a singular third person subject.
A reflexive phrase can follow a preposition.
A phrase consisting of diri followed by a noun, meaning something like “the person of (noun)”, can occur in a non- reflexive context.
I am going to write a book about the President.
There is love within humans.
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