Transparent Inglês

Halloween! Posted by on Oct 28, 2010 in Avançado

Domingo se comemora Halloween nos EUA e em vez de contar a história que todos sabem, vejam abaixo um vídeo super interessante do History Channel sobre a origem desse feriado. Acompanhe com o roteiro e as palavras e expressões mais difíceis traduzidas.

HISTORY OF HALLOWEEN – History Channel video

If graveyards (cemitério) make you nervous, and Jack-O Lanterns leer (olhar esgueiramente) from every window, if the streets are full of monsters, just relax! It’s all part of the fun! Trick? Treat? Or a little of each? Let’s turn on all the lights and take a look at Halloween.

Ages ago, when history was short, and winters were dark, tribes of Celtic farmers believed there was one day a year when the season of life meets the season of death, when malevolent (maligno) spirits could rise (levantar) from their graves (cova, tumba) and walk amongst (entre) the living. It was Celtic Ireland B.C. and that day was called Samhain, the Celtic word for summer’s end.

On a day when so many spirits lurked (embuscar), druid priests (padres) tried to foretell whether (prever se) their villages would survive the winter. Ordinary Celts lit great bonfires (fogueiras) and disguised themselves (disfarçar-se) to repel and confuse the spirits. In the 8th century in a likely attempt (provável tentativa) to distract the Celts from their pagan practice, Pope Gregory the III established all hallows day, a day honouring all saints, known and unknown, on Nov 1st.

Europeans accepted the new holiday but saw no reason not to enjoy their traditional rituals as well (também), and soon Samhain became know as All Hallow’s Eve, from there it was a short walk to the name we all know today: Halloween.

Predictably (Como era de se prever), such a heathen (pagão) tradition was of no interest to America’s first puritans, so it – like in Europe – was left behind. Until the mid 19th century when a potato famine (inanição) drove over a million starving (faminto) Irish and their folklore across the Atlantic and into America’s port cities. An ocean from home, and immersed in a cultural melting pot (mistura cultural) their traditions began to change.

The roaring (crepitante) bonfires shrank to lanterns, carved from gourds (cabaça), the first Jack O’ Lanterns. And the Celt’s demonic disguises became the sinister costumes (fantasias) of modern day Halloween. The origins of trick-or-treating (travessura ou gostosura) remain unclear. It is believed to stem from (originar-se de) a custom known as souling in which the poor went from home to home and prayed (rezar) for the souls of each family’s dead in exchange for small cakes to eat. By the early part of the 20th century Halloween was gaining a foothold (ganhando força) as an American institution. Mass produced Halloween costumes became common place (lugar-comum), making Halloween one of the most profitable (rentável) holidays on the calendar earning retailers (varejistas) billions of dollars.

Halloween’s appeal transcends age: delighting (encantando) both children, and yes even (até mesmo) adults alike (da mesma forma). It’s a date to step into costume, gorge on (comer aos montes) sweets, throw ghoulish galas (festas macabras), and to scare ourselves silly. The truth is frightfully clear: not even a silver bullet can stop Halloween now.

Vídeo e roteiro propriedades do History Channel.

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About the Author: Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.


  1. magda:

    Muito bom.