Níos Mó Téarmaí Vailintín Posted by róislín on Feb 17, 2011 in Irish Language
Here’s a final round-up of some terms pertaining to love, ranging from the requited to the unrequited (grá leatromach):
cion, love, affection
Tá cion agam ar Shinéad, I’m fond of Sinéad
This word also shows up sa tuiseal ginideach (“ceana“) in various phrases, like:
ainm ceana, a pet name, a fond name
Seán an cheana, beloved Seán
Regarding people, we have:
leannán, lover or sweetheart
suiríoch, wooer, suitor; this word can also mean “the act of wooing or courting,” although another form, suirí, is probably a little more typical for the latter
And for the heartsick, heartbroken, and lovelorn:
Tá sé i bpian an ghrá, he is lovelorn, lit. he is in the pain of love
Tá sé croíbhriste, he is heartbroken (croí, heart + briste, broken, with séimhiú on the “b,” making it “bh”)
Tá a chroí briste, his heart is broken.
Níl croí ná misneach aici, she is heartsick, lit. She has neither heart nor courage, or even more literally, and given here just to illustrate the sentence structure, “Neither heart nor courage is at her.” In Irish, the subject of this sentence isn’t “she,” as it would be in English. “Croí” and “misneach” are the subjects of the sentence. “Aici” means “at her” and is used to show possession.
A few phrases that reflect the less praiseworthy side of human nature, even when the person involved is seemingly charming:
“Mo ghrá thú agus rud agat,” you are my love as long as you have something to offer, that is, as long as a thing (rud) is “at you” (agat). In Irish, the whole “as long as” bit isn’t necessary since it’s implied by the use of “agus.” Nor does the Irish actually say “to offer,” again, that’s implied.
Bhí sé ag suirí a cuid airgid, he was courting her for her money, lit. he was courting her money, or even more literally, “he was courting her share of money.” But the “share” part shouldn’t attract undue attention since one normally says “mo chuid airgid” (my share of money) in Irish; one rarely actually says “my money” without the word “cuid” (share, portion). And that’s another good reason to master an tuiseal ginideach, since “airgead” (money) has switched to airgid (of money) which is the genitive case form. “A cuid airgid” is literally “her share of money.”
So that should keep you going, at least until Lá Vailintín seo chugainn. But if you’re interested in more terms of affection, let me know and I’ll write up some more. Is mór an stór focal é!
Before we close, how are you doing with your voiced velar fricatives? Those are the guttural (throaty) sounds needed for words spelled with combinations of “gh” or “dh” followed by the vowels “a,” “o,” or “u.” Samplaí? Seo dhuit:
dhuit, to you, singular
dhaoibh to you, plural
a Dhónail! O Donald! or O Dónal!, used when speaking directly to him
Ní Dhomhnaill, feminine form of the surname Ó Domhnaill
A ghrá! O love!
A ghrá geal! O bright love!
mo ghrá, my love, usually for a third-person reference, like “My love has forsaken me,” not for direct address, which would be “a ghrá”
So, yes, “dha” and “gha” at the beginning of a word sound the same in Irish. And no, these “dh” and “gh” sounds are not the same as “dh” and “gh” when followed by the vowels “e” or “i.” That’s basically ábhar blag eile, but just to jog your memory, think of how you say “A Dhiarmaid!” (for direct address) and “an ghealach” (the moon).
Gluais: leatromach, unbalanced, lopsided
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